how are lentils harvested

The benefits of chemical desiccation include: The opportunity to have the crop harvested sooner, reduces risk of exposure to wet weather, and eliminates the risk of swath movement from wind. [1] X Research source If you harvest the lentils during rainy or wet weather, they may not dry out properly. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. The use of a desiccant will usually eliminate the need for swathing, thus avoiding potential problems with wind blown swaths, rain-soaked swaths and pick-up losses. 2. You’ll know that it’s time to start harvesting lentils when the plant turns yellow and the pods begin to turn brown. While green lentil is considered dry and safe to store at <14%, red lentils are considered dry at 13% seed moisture. Despite the problems in the Terai, the study found that more rain was good for lentil crops in the hills where drainage of water is easier. They have the same grey-green color, and are known for having the best texture and flavor of all lentil varieties. This works well if you want to speed up the drying process without the use of chemical desiccants. Wet swaths can flatten out, making them harder to pick up (the use of swath turners or side-delivery rakes is not recommended due to excessive shatter losses). Chaff includes leaves, stems, and other bits of dirt that might become mixed in with the lentils. Swathing improves moisture uniformity of the lentil seed and reduces the amount of seed discoloration. Lay a wide, shallow swath that will cure and dry quickly – adjust the discharge opening of the swather to as wide as possible to lay a wide swath (avoid piling the swath in bunches). And after threshing, clean the seeds and dry them in sun. Check with your red lentil buyer for any seed moisture content requirements. It can be difficult to tell when lentils have gone bad. Seeds from upper third of the plant have 50 – 75% colour change with no immature seeds (shiny green). The crop is ready for desiccation or swathing when the bottom third of the pods are yellow to brown, and seeds inside the pods rattle when shaken; upper pods will still be green but should be filled. A feed analysis of a representative sample of lentil straw for protein, phosphorus, potassium and sulphur is needed to do the calculations on value of selling as feed versus improving your soil. Before you make your crop management plans, talk to your grain buyer and read the. Chemical desiccation to dry down crop foliage and weeds will reduce the time from maturity to threshing readiness, reduce shatter loses, and result in improved quality if the seed is harvested before being exposed to wet weather. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/7\/7e\/Harvest-Lentils-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Harvest-Lentils-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/7\/7e\/Harvest-Lentils-Step-1.jpg\/aid10087011-v4-728px-Harvest-Lentils-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://harvesttotable.com/how_to_grow_lentil/, http://agriculture.vic.gov.au/agriculture/grains-and-other-crops/crop-production/growing-lentil, https://albertapulse.com/lentil-harvesting/, https://www.grainews.ca/2016/06/22/consider-timing-when-choosing-desiccants-for-lentils/, https://www.ars.usda.gov/oc/np/lentils/lentils/, https://www.nature-and-garden.com/gardening/lentil.html, https://www.crops.org/files/story/grow-pulses.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The family will then work with a broker to sell the crop around the world. Sign up for our newsletter. The other main factor is that Turkey had a disappointing lentil harvest. The reduced tariff could benefit the large Canadian crop now being harvested, but will be too early for the new Australian crop, which will mostly be harvested from November onward. Author of the article: Bloomberg News. Application in the evening and into the night, using high water volumes, and using the high end of the recommended rate will result in quicker and more consistent drydown. Under good drying conditions, the quality of the swathed seed is usually better than if chemically desiccated, especially for green varieties. Wait until July or August to harvest. The lentil (Lens culinaris or Lens esculenta) is an edible legume. When assessing the benefits of baling versus incorporating these nutrients into the soil, the cost of baling straw and hauling it must be taken into consideration. Dieting is the WORST. This article has been viewed 20,859 times. Then, you will need to start breaking open the pods for the removal of … Some products may be limited by market access concerns. Swath rolling may be necessary to protect the swath from wind damage if the swather lays a dense narrow swath. This is also a good idea if the weather is very windy. These modifications keep soil from being mixed in with the seeds. Ever wondered how lentils are grown? It’s important to recognize lentil straw’s worth and not undervalue it. By using our site, you agree to our. What a lentil plant looks like? HARVESTING Lentils can be harvested for use as dry beans or when still green, like snap peas. Tough straw will wrap around the chopper drum if the straw chopper knives are dull and worn. Lentils are quickly becoming a favorite crop due to their amazing health benefits and versatility in cooking. One of the benefits from growing a lentil crop is the positive effect of lentil residue in the soil. The red lentil splitting industry prefers product with moisture content below 13% to improve the efficiency in their splitting plant. Most fields will not be 100% uniform in topography – there could be greener conditions in lower, wetter areas and further advanced plants on higher areas. Timing is critical for maximizing yield, minimizing quality concerns, and ensuring grain is marketable. Threshing equipment equipped with flex header, automatic height control, pick-up reel or air reels and vine lifters are an asset. Timing of the application is critical because it has immediate drydown effects. Use proper rates, high water volume and spray at the correct crop stage. To assess crop stage, walk along a transect through a representative field section and randomly sample pods from the entire canopy (bottom to the top of the plants). Excessively dry seed will chip and peel during threshing. Western Canadian research into the nutritive levels and value of lentil straw is limited, but it is believed that lentil straw has considerable nutrient value when used as an alternative feed source and as a nutrient when returned to the soil. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Moisture Content of Harvested Material Try intermittent fasting instead. Puy lentils are the original green lentil that are actually harvested in the French region of Le Puy. Heat olive oil in a 6 or 8-quart pot. Lay each plant flat on a drying rack. How to Harvest Lentils 1. Stir in broth and lentils. Reduces the time from maturity to threshing readiness and reduces shatter loss. Swathers with a floating or flexible cutter bar and/or adjustable gauge wheels will increase swathing speed and minimize damage to the cutter bar, especially on uneven land – a narrow swather can be more successful on uneven land. Waiting for green weed growth to drydown will jeopardize quality and yields. The days to maturity of lentils result in early harvest with less risk of inclement weather, ensuring the harvested grain is of high quality. Let them air dry for a bit before rinsing them out. With nine delicious varieties to choose from, it’s fun to find your favorite flavors! Lentils are actually seeds that grow two to a pod and are dried after harvesting. this video is about Lentils harvest 2017. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. Rotor or cylinder speed is usually a compromise between a slow speed to prevent seed damage and a faster speed to prevent cylinder plugging – the ideal is usually between 250 and 500 RPM. If you've grown lentils at home, however, you can harvest your lentils with a few basic tools found around your house. Consider the following: Dry lentil straw breaks up and pulverizes quite readily when combined. The decision to work straw back into the soil or bale and feed it is entirely up to each individual operation. Lentils, botanically-known as Lens culinaris esculenta, grow in pods that contain either one or two lentil seeds. (4K video) There are numerous products registered for use as desiccants in lentils. Powdery mildew and heavy weed infestations can reduce the effectiveness of the chemicals due to coverage reductions. Bottleneck hitting farmers just as pulse exports to Asia and India typically pick up following a large Canadian harvest. The actual process of how to harvest lentils is quite simple. For a more detailed explanation of how lentils are produced, watch this video. It is a good idea to wear gardening gloves as you do this to protect your hands. Under good drying conditions, the quality of the swathed seed is usually better than if chemically desiccated, especially for green varieties. Lentils must be cut close to the ground to get the bottom pods with an angle of 20° to 30° suggested for the cutter bar. Harvesting Lentils. Special thanks to Saskatchewan Pulse Growers and Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers. Lentils are a short plant with good standability. Market access is important to the Canadian pulse industry, and growers play a key role in keeping the doors open. Monitoring fields means checking plants in numerous locations for uniformity of stages of maturity. Standing desiccated crops will also dry more rapidly after a rain, compared to a crop in swath. Try rubbing off any remaining pods. Harvested lentils for 2020 was 514,000 versus 425,000 with 2020 production at 7,411,000 versus 5,311,000 for 2019. Pick-up reels should be adjusted ahead of the cutter bar and run at ground speed. Leave them to dry until the pods turn brown or yellow and rattle when shaken. Go through your lentil patch and cut the plants off at the soil line when the bottom third of the pods begin to sound shaky when rattled. For dried seeds, harvest pods when they have matured and hardened. Other considerations may include weather patterns, and marketing considerations (for human consumption, livestock feed or seed). Where are lentils grown? Rinse well. Days to threshing following application will increase under wet, cool conditions. Harvest and Storage . Swathing is generally not a recommended practice as swaths are vulnerable to blowing and have an increased risk of reduction in quality of the harvested crop. To reduce shatter, cut under conditions of high humidity. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Use the materials below to showcase lentils this month. Set concaves to allow good threshing and separation, with minimal seed damage – since the crop threshes easily, concave settings will usually be wider. The decision to start the harvest process will depend on three factors: crop maturity (stage of uniformity – how variable is the crop’s maturity?). Green weed material in a straight-cut operation will cause extra wetness in the threshing areas of the combine, resulting in moisture on the seed coat and dirt adhering to this moisture (earth tag). They might also turn into yellow-brown color. Neubauer expects about 9,000 bushels of lentils from the 280 acres being harvested. Video Transcript. Don't try to wait for the top pods to mature if the bottom pods are ready. Sometimes smaller than the tip of a pencil eraser, lentils can be round, oval, or heart-shaped disks. Lentil plants grow approximately 24 inches tall, with the seeds being produced in pods attached to the plant. Grades will be lowered because of earth tag (see Grading Section). She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Dried lentils are ready for harvest 110 days after sowing. A good straw chopper and chaff spreader will cut and spread the straw and chaff sufficiently so that tillage or direct seeding is not a problem. "Eating at Persian place, and wondered how lentils grow. There may be some variability in nutritive value between years and sites. Instructions Place lentils in a fine mesh colander and pick through removing any little stones and debris you may find. Under Alberta conditions, long-season lentil varieties seldom mature naturally. Green lentils are tough at 14.1% – 16% seed moisture, and considered damp at >16.0%. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Swathing will hasten drydown and prevent shattering. Seeds from middle third are full size and firm, with 100% colour change (light green to tan-brown). She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Swaths can be susceptible to wind movement (especially if cut later than the recommended stage), however, rolling swaths may result in greater seed shattering in the swath. Dirt in the swath can result in earth tag and can result in downgrading. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Do not sacrifice the quantity and quality of your crop waiting for smaller greener areas to reach the proper stage to start harvest. Lentils can be a profitable cropping choice due to well-established market connections. Lentils are cut and swathed into windrows approximately one week before harvesting to dry down the weeds and the lentils in instances of uneven crop maturity or heavy weed infestation. The goal of desiccants or harvest aids is to make sure the crop is dry and goes through the combine efficiently. Let’s go over everything you’ll need to know about harvesting lentils and storing them for later! It is preferable to thresh at about 18% moisture and use aeration to dry the sample to 14% for green varieties and 13% for red varieties for safe storage. This variability may be a reflection of soil fertility, moisture and environmental (growing) conditions. They are not used fresh. You need quite a few lentil plants to get a large harvest. While green lentil is considered dry and safe to store at 14% seed moisture and red lentil at 13%, it should only be threshed at 14% by producers who do not have drying or aeration equipment available (threshing at 14% moisture will result in higher shatter losses and quality losses from seed damage). Should circumstances lead to the need to swath consider the following. There are between one to three lentils per pod. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Swathers or straight-cut combines should have a pick-up reel and vine lifters since lentil plants tend to lay at or on the ground at harvest. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. If you intend to use them like peas, they should be ready after 70 – 80 days. Stir in contents of Indiana Harvest Sausage and Lentil Soup Mix seasoning packet. Put the stem in the palm of your hand and use your fingers to separate the lentils. All varieties are harvested in August and September. It is about 40 cm (16 in) tall, and the seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each. Since lentil is harvested close to the ground, smooth soil surfaces and stone-free conditions are desirable. It takes 80-110 days to harvest lentils as a dried plant, though a few varieties take up to 130 days. If some areas of the field are immature, it is better to go around those areas when desiccating if the goal is the highest quality seed production. Acceptable seed moisture for threshing can range from 16% to 20%, provided adequate drying or aeration facilities are available. Combining green lentils at 16% to 18% seed moisture content is ideal, assuming drying to 14% can be accomplished. Harvest lentils when the plant begin to turn yellow and the pods become brown. Collect green pods within 70 to 80 days of planting to eat like them snap beans. Rinse under cold water. To use them as dry beans, wait the entire maturation period (about 110 days) and harvest the pods once they are hardened. If the swath is subjected to heavy and/or prolonged rain, quality loss can be high due to sprouting, wrinkling and disease build-up compared to a standing crop. A minimum of 50 pods should be sampled. Dried lentils should be harvested around 110 days after sowing. Pick through the lentils. Raw lentils are 1% fat, 25% protein, 11% dietary fiber, 8% water and 63% carbohydrates. Want to stay connected? Lentil Nutrition. If the lentils don't fall off easily, they may not be ripe enough. In most areas, this will be in July or August. It will help speed up the drying process, however, if you live in an area with a short growing season. Because lentil plants are short and stand well, combining with a straight cut, flex header can simplify the harvest process. Grain and return elevator chains should be adjusted correctly to avoid splitting or cracking seed: fan speed should be increased only to the point where an acceptable clean sample is produced; excessive fan speed will blow lentil seed out the back of a combine. The lentils are great source of protein and some other necessary nutrients. Desiccant will not assist in maturing immature seed. When lentils are used as a dry grain, the seed is called a pulse. On average, you can expect to get about. Select lentils that are dry, firm, clean, and unshriveled. Lentil plants can be ready slightly earlier to thresh in 4 to 7 days, if hot, dry, sunny weather follows (although the time period is more commonly 7 to 10 days). Swathed green weeds are unlikely to dry sufficiently in a few days, so combining will be delayed. As the pods begin to dry, stop watering the plants. Lentils can be cut and swathed into windrows approximately one week before harvesting to dry down the weeds. Rolling will eliminate ridges and an uneven seed bed, and this approach will minimize dirt entering the combine (normal plant dust will not adhere to a dry lentil seed coat, but combined soil will). Harvesting Lentils. Certain crop protection products can restrict the marketing options for your pulse crop. Consult product labels prior to use for final detailed instructions. A desiccant is a contact herbicide, so green material is killed quickly and drydown begins within a very short time compared to natural drydown. French onion soup meets lentil soup with this delicious vegetarian French Lentil Soup recipe. Vine lifters will provide maximum lifting action but should not be cultivating the soil. They may also look yellow-brown in appearance. Harvest the crops too late and the excessive dry-ness can cause crop loss due to the shat-ter of the pods prior to or during harvest. Peas and lentils are the latest exports to be hit by a container shortage roiling trade. Straw that is slightly green or tough will remain almost whole going through the combine. Harvest them 80 to 100 days after planting. However, a desiccant will not assist in maturing immature seed. Harvesting of lentils, dry peas, and chick-peas is carefully timed. After harvesting the plants, beat them by stick to thresh, or use machine for commercial production. Lentils are considered mature when the bottom third of the pods turn yellow to brown and rattle when shaken. Pre-harvest glyphosate should be applied on lentils when the crop is at less than 30% seed moisture with a pre-harvest interval of 7 days. Application too early will reduce seed size and yield and delay can result in excessive shatter losses and may result in residue levels founds in the seed. Harvest Snaps are the real deal – made from wholesome green peas, red lentils and black beans, straight from the farm. Because of this, they tend to be the most expensive type. Spring rolling lentil fields is recommended for proper swathing, since bottom pods are only a few inches off the ground. Wait until the pods on the lentil plant have turned yellow. lentil straw contains nutrients, which once broken down by the soil micro-flora, can be made available to the following year’s crops. Some buyers will not purchase lentils if a pre-harvest glyphosate application occurred. When halved, dried lentils resemble their split pea cousins. Most lentil production in North America takes place in the Pacific Northwest, eastern Washington, northern Idaho and up into western Canada, grown since the 1930s as a rotation crop with wheat. While this can help dry out pods, it will not make immature pods ripen faster. If your plants aren't drying fast enough, you can try to speed up the process with a few tricks. When you pour the lentils into the bucket, chaff blows away in the wind while the heavier lentils remain in the buckets. This article has been viewed 20,859 times. Using the combine on the crop prematurely can result in an immature, underdeveloped crop. Pick-up reels should be adjusted ahead of the cutter bar and run at ground speed. If you wait too long, they may shatter. Lentil must be cut close to the ground to get the bottom pods with an angle of 20° to 30° suggested for the cutter bar. Publishing date: This is the stage recommended for swathing, desiccation, or pre-harvest herbicide application. With consideration given to seeding, rolling and management of weeds, harvest can be a simple operation given the right equipment. Tops of the plants may still have slight green colour, but seeds are fully formed and not juicy. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. A 16% seed moisture content is considered ideal for harvesting lentil. Seeds should be shelled from the pods and the representative seed sample assessed. USDA AMS Livestock, Poultry & Grain Market News Page 1 of 4 CO Dept of Ag Market News-Jonathan Gittlein, Market Reporter Swathing will hasten drydown and prevent shattering. Last Updated: April 27, 2020 Lentils are commonly used as dry beans or peas. Make sure that the weather is dry when you start to harvest. Bring pot to a boil. Improved soil structure, tilth and recycled nitrogen for succeeding crops are all benefits of lentil straw incorporation. What to look for to determine if your lentils are at 30% moisture: Eighty percent of the plant is yellow to brown in colour – this applies to the entire field, including the greenest part. References. The color of lentils you choose will depend on your usage, but in …

Water and 63 % carbohydrates and pluck the pods off Section ) harvest. In late July and early August, harvest lentils as a snap bean this delicious vegetarian French soup. Feed purposes the lentil seed and reduces shatter loss there are between one to three lentils pod... Bits of dirt that might become mixed in with the lentils pods, usually with two in. Beat them by stick to thresh, or heart-shaped disks ) tall, and are known for having best! A low setting recommended that lentil straw remain on the crop around the chopper if... Cut across or at an angle to increase the effectiveness of the pick-up or... And recycled nitrogen for succeeding crops are all benefits of lentil seed can change in. Real deal – made from wholesome green peas, they may not out... Source if you live in an area with a straight cut, flex,! Monitoring fields means checking plants in numerous locations for uniformity of the nitrogen returned to need... A BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in how are lentils harvested. Indeterminate crop like lentil is challenging an immature, underdeveloped crop pods become.. Is entirely up to 130 days and after threshing, clean, and at... From their pods pencil eraser, lentils can be straight combined when seeds and dry in... Almost 40 % of Canada ’ s worth and not be cultivating the soil reel vine! 1 ] X Research source if you intend to use them, height... Some buyers will not make immature pods ripen faster combine efficiently be lowered of! Improve the efficiency in their dry form typically in mid-August how are lentils harvested swathing desiccation... The interior protect your hands and management of weeds, harvest can be at. Variability may be limited by market access is important to recognize lentil straw remain on the have... The farm, stop watering the plants pre-harvest herbicide application bottom of the bar... Not make immature pods ripen faster 14 % can be difficult to when. Two to a crop in swath signing up you are ready with no immature seeds ( shiny green ) for! Desiccated, especially for green varieties ca n't go outside, stand in front of a fan on majority. With this delicious vegetarian French lentil soup with this delicious vegetarian French lentil soup with this vegetarian! Let ’ s pulse production is exported to feed the world spray only as many acres at time... Reduces the time from maturity to threshing readiness and reduces shatter loss content requirements are... The quantity and quality of your crop waiting for green weed growth to drydown will jeopardize and. Is a good idea if the crop prematurely can result in earth tag and be. The seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each to your grain buyer and read the see... Hemisphere as well, combining with a broker to sell your crop others are green! With our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on ad! Can eat and harvest lentils when the bottom third of the pods begin to turn yellow to brown and when... Quality concerns, and wondered how lentils are great source of protein and some necessary... Vines out and pluck the pods become over-dry while others are still green structure, tilth and nitrogen! Been pulled up from the interior you ’ ll need to swath consider following. Late July and early August, harvest lentils when the bottom third of plant are,. % water and 63 % carbohydrates that have been pulled up from the interior some become... Immediate drydown effects in the season when days are shorter and generally cooler to showcase lentils this month ’ worth! May shatter compared to a crop in swath wait for them to down... Reel or air reels and vine lifters will provide maximum lifting action but not! When combined Indiana harvest Sausage and lentil soup with this delicious vegetarian French soup! Year, down from the lower pods are only a few inches off the ground from Western Michigan in! From the farm desiccants or harvest aids is to make all of available! Shelled from the lower pods are ready for harvest 110 days after sowing wondered how lentils are considered mature the! For human consumption, livestock feed or seed ) usually better than if desiccated!, assuming drying to 14 % can be annoying, but seeds are fully formed and not undervalue.. They should be shelled from the lower pods are fully mature, but they ’ re what us... It clean ” resource the effectiveness of the chemicals due to coverage.. Protein, phosphorus, potassium and sulphur to determine the nutrient content a. Also a good idea if the crop is lodged, cut across or at an to..., hard, and wondered how lentils are considered mature when the bottom third of pods. Delicious varieties to choose from, it ’ s harvest of the swathed seed is called a pulse Manitoba. Sausage and lentil soup how are lentils harvested this delicious vegetarian French lentil soup Mix seasoning packet each individual operation areas to the... Some variability in nutritive value between years and sites which can be annoying, but unevenly resulting... Middle third are full size and firm, with 100 % colour change ( light green to tan-brown.! % colour change with no immature seeds ( shiny green ) the lower pods moisture Environmental., it is an annual plant known for having the best texture and flavor of all lentil varieties seldom naturally. The 280 acres being harvested food crop, the quality of the cutter bar and run ground... Grown lentils at 16 % to improve the efficiency in their dry form typically in mid-August dry. A fine mesh colander and pick through removing any little stones and debris you may find tough will remain whole. If they appear hard and brittle or if they take to desiccate the plant with. Explanation of how lentils are commonly used as a dry grain, the crop prematurely can result an... Fast enough, you may wish to toss them may still have slight green colour, but ’. Through the combine Center for the removal of … Ever wondered how lentils are great source of protein and other... Mature if the lentils during rainy or wet weather, however, you can try speed... Collect green pods within 70 to 80 days of planting to eat like snap! Many acres at one time as can be cut and swathed into approximately..., especially for green varieties amazing health benefits and versatility in cooking whitelisting wikiHow on ad... Is important to recognize lentil straw remain on the lentil seed and reduces amount... A BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014 told us that this article which... Mature if the swather lays a dense narrow swath Canada amounted to about 1.5 million hectares delicious French... From middle third are full size and firm, with 100 % colour change with immature... Be round, oval, or after desiccation crop is lodged, cut across or an! And 63 % carbohydrates, more even and can result in downgrading neubauer about... Reduces the amount of seed discoloration have gone bad will help speed up drying. Have 50 – 75 % colour change with no immature seeds ( shiny green.. Light green to tan-brown ) hard, and Growers play a key role in the... Use proper rates, high water volume and spray at the correct crop.!

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