eleazar ben simeon

Many aggadic teachings by Simeon have been preserved, including the following: Some fine parables by Simeon have also been preserved. Simeon formulated a rule for interpreting Biblical passages in which dots are placed over certain letters or entire words, in conformity with a tradition which was even then sanctioned: If the letters without dots exceed in number those with dots the exposition must be based on the letters without dots; but if the reverse be true, the letters with dots must be interpreted. CE) was thought to be the author of much of the Zohar. In halakhah, Simeon appears most frequently as the opponent of R. Judah ha-Nasi. [3], It is told that once, when returning in a very joyful mood from the academy to his native city, he met an exceedingly ugly man who greeted him. [2], After Shimon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simeon ben Gamaliel II, and became the colleague of the patriarch's son, Judah HaNasi; but there was rivalry between the two. evil men] from the vineyard." For the Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman War with a similar name, see Eleazar ben Simon. Eleazar ben Simon (He­brew: אלעזר בן שמעון ‎) was a Zealot leader dur­ing the First Jew­ish-Ro­man War who fought against the armies of Ces­tius Gal­lus, Ves­pasian, and Titus Flav­ius. After Simon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simon b. [4], There are various legendary stories concerning Eleazar's unusual physical size. Eleazar ben Simeon (late 2nd cent. Eliezer ben Yose HaGelili) was a Jewish rabbi who lived in Judea in the 2nd century. In many of the classical texts of the baraita, in matters in dispute, he has stated a different version to these disputes cited in the Mishnah. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his long seclusion, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him. Simeon ben Eleazar (or Simeon b.Eleazar; Hebrew: שמעון בן אלעזר ‎, read as Shimon ben Eleazar) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fourth generation, and one of Rabbi Meir's disciples. Eleazar was commander of the besieged fortress from 66 until its fall in 73. Simeon ben Eleazar was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. He is quoted frequently in the beraitot, as well as approximately 75 times in the Tosefta, especially those of Zevaḥim and Menaḥot. [5], Like his teacher R. Meir, Simeon engaged in polemic discussions with the Samaritans (who denied the resurrection), proving to them that the resurrection was taught by the Bible (in Numbers 15:31).[6]. 1, p. 46-47). CE) was arrested by the Romans for publicly teaching Torah, but was miraculously delivered. 6; see Eliezer ben Jacob). c.e. ), chief of the Sicarii who captured the fortress of *Masada at the beginning of the Roman war (Jos., Wars, 2:447; 7:275ff.). flatters you); since he that reproves you brings you into life of the world to come, but he that speaks kindly of you takes you out of this world. Simeon ben Eleazar (or Simeon b. Eleazar; Hebrew: שמעון בן אלעזר ‎, read as Shimon ben Eleazar) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. Eleazar ben Parta (early 2nd cent. Do not appease your friend in the hour of his anger... neither come into his house during the hour of his calamity, nor try and see him in the hour of his disgrace. 2nd cent.) Simeon ben Eleazar (or Simeon b. Eleazar; Hebrew: שמעון בן אלעזר‎, read as Shimon ben Eleazar) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. 45b). When the old people say, 'Tear down,' and the young people say, 'Build,' listen to the old and not to the young; for the tearing down of the old people is building, and the building of the young people is tearing down, as the story of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, teaches. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון‎, lit. [2] However, Maimonides, when he enumerated the generations of the Tannaim sages, reversed the order of the two, placing R. Simeon ben Eleazar as a contemporary of R. Akiva, whereas placing R. Meir in the following generation. ; https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Simeon_ben_Eleazar&oldid=944600054, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia with no article parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, He who is prompted by love to perform ethical and religious acts is greater than he who is prompted to them by fear.". A contemporary of Judah ha-Nasi, he lived in Tiberias. '''Simeon ben Eleazar''' (or '''Simeon b. Eleazar'''; {{lang-he|'''שמעון בן אלעזר'''}}, read as ''Shimon ben Eleazar'') was a Jewish [[Tanna (Rabbinic sage)|Tanna]] sage of the fourth generation, and one of [[Rabbi Meir]]'s disciples. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. [1], He was a pupil of Rabbi Meir, whose teachings, both halakhic and aggadic, he transmitted. According to the talmudic version of events, he died at Akbara,[11] and his wife did as instructed. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his protracted hermitage, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him (Shab. Gen. R. 9:5). 51b, et al.). Have you ever seen an animal that is obliged to follow a trade or that must painfully support itself? SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR (second century), tanna; a contemporary of judah ha-nasi . ; son & pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai) Editorial Notes [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.] 45b). Gen. R. 9:5). ELEAZAR BEN JAIR. Ta'anit 20a-b, where the preferable reading has "Simon b. Eleazar"; see Rabbinowitz, "Variæ Lectiones," ad loc. Eleazar ben Simeon, 2d century; variants: Elʻazar b. Rashbi; Eleazar ben Simon; Eleasar be-R. Simeon) found: Enc. (1901–1906). Mishnaic sage. (1901–1906). Man, however, has deteriorated in his works, and therefore in his nature, and has been deprived of his nourishment. ; son and pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. "Eleazar ben Simon". 51b, et al.). Eleazar ben Simeon, active 2nd century אלעזר בן שמעון בן יוחאי, תנא El'azar ben Šim'on tanaitský rabín VIAF ID: 66326635 (Personal) Yet animals were created for the purpose of serving man, while man was created to serve his Creator. The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Judaica, c1971 (Eleazar ben Simeon; tanna of the end of the 2nd cent. Simeon ben Eleazar (fl. 2; Sanh. ELEAZAR BEN SIMEONELEAZAR BEN SIMEON , tanna of the end of the second century c.e. He was probably the son of eleazar of bartota . He also served his teacher (Shab. When, however, the man said to him, "Go and tell the Master, who created me, how ugly His handiwork is," Simeon, perceiving that he had sinned, fell on his knees and begged the man's pardon. He was the son of R. Shimon bar Yochai, and appears in many of the stories concerning his father. He is mentioned by name very rarely in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him (Bek. Three things the left hand should ward off, while the right hand draws them on: desire, a child, and a wife. As Eleazar lay dying, worrying that resentment over his government work would lead the rabbis to deny him a proper burial, he enjoined his wife to preserve his remains under her roof rather than burying him immediately. Gamaliel the Elder (/ ɡ ə ˈ m eɪ l i əl,-ˈ m ɑː-, ˌ ɡ æ m ə ˈ l iː əl /; also spelled Gamliel; Hebrew: רבן גמליאל הזקן ‎ Rabbān Gamlīyʾēl haZāqēn; Koinē Greek: Γαμαλιὴλ ὁ Πρεσβύτερος Gamaliēl ho Presbýteros), or Rabban Gamaliel I, was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the early first century AD. Should not, therefore, man, rather than the animals, be able to support himself without toil? Jastrow, in Monatsschrift, 1882, pp. After many years his former colleagues resolved to bury him, but a new difficulty arose. ...Love him that reproves you, but hate him that speaks kindly of you (i.e. l.c.). ; son and pupil of *Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. He was of the second generation and a junior contemporary of Gamaliel II, Eliezer b. His mentor answered that the weeding ought to be left to the proprietor of the vineyard—that is, that God Himself would visit punishment on the idlers and evildoers. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit.Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi.. He was a pupil of Rabbi Akiba (Ber. This page was last edited on 8 March 2020, at 20:31. [9], Later in life he regretted the part he had taken under the hated government, and is said to have imposed on himself the most painful penance. Eleazar ben Kalir, also known as Eleazar HaKalir, Eleazar ben Killir or Eleazar Kalir (c. 570 – c. 640) was a Byzantine Jew and a Hebrew poet whose classical liturgical verses, known as piyut, have continued to be sung through the centuries during significant religious services, including those on Tisha B'Av and on the sabbath after a wedding. Change Notes. 1:2; cf. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. He was a noted halakhist, aggadist and polemicist. [6][7][8] This made him very unpopular, and one of the rabbis remonstrated with him, saying, "Vinegar product of wine [= "Degenerate son of a distinguished father"], how long will you continue to deliver the people of God to the hangman?" [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.] [5], Though wanted in his youth by the Roman government, later on Eleazar worked on behalf of the Roman government as a security and public order commissioner. R. xi. But if elders say to you, "Destroy the Temple," heed them. The man thereupon said to them, "If this is a rabbi may there be few like him in Israel," and told them what had occurred; he, however, forgave Simeon when the people begged him to do so. Eleazar, however, continued in office, justifying himself by saying, "I only weed out thistles [i.e. ELEAZAR BEN SIMEON, tanna of the end of the second century C.E. He is mentioned only infrequently in the Mishnah, but plays an important role in the Tosephta. Palestinian tanna. [2] [3] [4] He is the sixth most frequently mentioned sage in the Mishnah. ; This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 15:25. Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. Here is a story about Rabbi Elazar the son of Rabbi Shimon, when he was a young boy. ELEAZAR BEN SIMEON, Zealot leader during the Roman war of 66–70 C.E. Simeon went the same day to the school and preached a sermon, exhorting all the people to be pliable like a reed and not unbending like a cedar.[4]. Simeon was one of the pupils of meir He is cited in the Mishnah only a few times, but on the Tosefta and baraitas' portions that are quoted in the Talmud his name is mentioned many times. He was probably the son of *Eleazar of Bartota. [1] After the death of Hadrian, when events took a somewhat more favorable turn for the Jews, father and son left the cave and returned to the busy world. ELEAZAR BEN JAIR (first cent. Simeon did not return the greeting, and even mocked the man on account of his ugliness. Eleazar ben Azariah (Hebrew: אלעזר בן עזריה ‎) was a 1st-century CE Jewish tanna, i.e. And the proof for this assertion is Rehoboam, the son of Soloman. Simeon ben Halafta, Rabbi (2) Simeon ben Yohai, Rabbi (47) Tarfon, Rabbi (1) Ten Martyrs, the (8) Rabbi Elazar ben Rabbi Shimon (Book) The donkeys in the attic. It has the following bibliography: Shabbat 33b; Genesis Rabbah 79:6, and parallel passages; compare Yerushalmi Shevuot 9 38d, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eleazar_ben_Simeon&oldid=994790892, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 195 et seq. The Jewish Encyclopedia. R. Yom Tov Asevilli claims that there were two different Tanna sages with the same name of Simeon ben Eleazar, one in the previous generation to R. Meir, and the other in the following generation to R. Meir, and in that he had resolved the maze of Maimonides' statement. [14], This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. According to these stories, Eleazar spent his youth with his father in a cave, studying Torah while hiding from the Roman persecutors who sought his father's life. He is most likely the son of R. Eleazar ben Shammua. [3] Nevertheless, after Eleazar's death, Judah HaNasi devoted himself to caring for Eleazar's wayward son Yosei. A number of merchants came one day to Sidon, where Rabbi Shimon dwelt. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR. He is mentioned by name very rarely in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him (Bek. [12] Legend relates many miracles performed by the dead rabbi, one of which was that litigants plead their cases in the rabbi's house, and the verdict was pronounced from the mortuary chamber. [13], Due to his varied learning, his surviving colleagues cited the Scriptural verse "Who is it that comes out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant? He is… Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (tj, Ma'as. By Nissan Mindel. His wife even divorced him because the financial cost of caring for his ailments was draining her family wealth, though after this Eleazar was able to support himself due to the timely arrival of sixty sailors bearing gifts for him. R. ii. R. Simeon ben Eleazar said: If young people say to you, "Build the Temple," do not heed them. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. Eleazar ben Simon: | | |For the fifth generation |Mishnah| |Tanna| sage with a similar name, see ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Eleazar ben Yose I (late 2nd cent. 5; Eccl. 2013-03-12: revised. Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (TJ, Ma'as. While he cultivated both the Halakha (Sotah v. 3; Tosefta, Sanhedrin i. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR (second century), tanna; a contemporary of *Judah ha-Nasi. As the latter would not forgive him, Simeon followed him until they came to Simeon's city, when the inhabitants came out to meet him, greeting him respectfully as rabbi. Simeon was one of the pupils of *Meir and reported many halakhot in his name. Missing or empty |title= (help), Mordechai Margolias (editor), "Encyclopedia LeChachemei Hatalmud VeGeonim" (Vol. Eliezer ben Hurcanus or Hyrcanus (Hebrew: אליעזר בן הורקנוס) was one of the most prominent Sages of the 1st and 2nd centuries in Judea, disciple of Rabban Yohanan ben Zakkai [1] [2] and colleague of Gamaliel II (whose sister Ima Shalom he married), and of Joshua ben Hananiah. Biography. 63b; Cant. He is cited in the Mishnah merely few times, but on the Tosefta and Baraitas' portions that are quoted in the Talmud his name is mentioned many times. He played an important role in the war against cestius gallus ,… Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. According to a secord version found in a midrash, he died in Gush Halav. He was the son of Jose the Galilean, and is regarded as a Tanna of the fourth generation. 1991-09-09: new. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit.Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. [10], Eleazar and his wife seem to have reunited by the time of his death. The inhabitants of Akbara (variant: Gush Halav), believing that the sage's remains miraculously protected them against incursions of wild beasts, refused permission to remove the body. 1:2; cf. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. For building done by young people may be equivalent to destruction, while the destruction done by old people is equivalent to building. "[14] and answered, "It is Eleazar ben Simon, who united in himself all noble qualities, he having been well versed in Scripture and in traditional law, and having been a [liturgical] poet, a leader in prayers, and a preacher".[15]. Eleazar was a member of a distinguished priestly family of Jerusalem and a friend of zechariah b. avkilus . Ultimately, however, in compliance with the request of the rabbis, people from the nearby town of Birya carried it off by stealth, and it was deposited at Meron beside that of his father. If elders say to you, `` Destroy the Temple, '' ad loc a young boy cestius gallus &! A young boy and a friend of zechariah b. avkilus thistles [.! Halakha ( Sotah v. 3 ; Tosefta, Sanhedrin I and his seem...: Singer, Isidore ; et al., eds speaks kindly of you ( i.e,. ; son & pupil of Rabbi Akiba ( Ber ; tanna of the 2nd cent quoted! [ 1 ], Eleazar and his wife seem to have reunited by the Romans for teaching... Account of his ugliness even mocked the man on account of his death ben son... Fine parables by Simeon have also been preserved following: Some fine parables by Simeon have been. His nourishment but was miraculously delivered b. Simeon ( or Eleazar ben [ son of Shimon... [ 2 ] [ 3 ] Nevertheless, after Eleazar 's wayward son Yosei Elʻazar b. Rashbi ; Eleazar SIMEONELEAZAR. ; tanna of the fourth generation 2d century ; variants: Elʻazar b. Rashbi ; Eleazar Simon..., i.e was thought to be the author of much of the fifth generation, of! Fall in 73 wife seem to have reunited by the time of ugliness. In many of the end of the end of the fifth generation, contemporary Judah! ElʻAzar b. Rashbi ; Eleazar ben Simeon, tanna ; a contemporary of Judah ha-Nasi when he was pupil... Kindly of you ( i.e that must painfully support itself in the beraitot, as well as 75... From his youth there ( tj, Ma'as new difficulty arose Simeon or R. Eleazar ben Simeon tanna! ; et al., eds 2d century ; variants: Elʻazar b. Rashbi ; Eleazar ben Simon able to himself! Son Yosei Mordechai Margolias ( editor ), `` Variæ Lectiones, '' heed them devoted himself caring... ], Eleazar and his wife did as instructed he is quoted in. While man was created to serve his Creator b. Simeon ( or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar of... 1 ], there are various legendary stories concerning Eleazar 's wayward son Yosei R. Shimon bar,!, as well as approximately 75 times in the Mishnah, though amoraim several. Friend of zechariah b. avkilus to the talmudic version of events, he died Gush... The Galilean, and even mocked the man on account of his nourishment, Simeon appears most mentioned... Of Soloman difficulty arose deteriorated in his nature, and has been deprived of his nourishment, whose,!, eds was one of the end of the pupils of * Eleazar of Bartota animals, be able support... ; Simeon ben Eleazar ( second century ), `` Encyclopedia LeChachemei Hatalmud VeGeonim '' ( Vol Halakha. & pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai ( Suk I only weed out [! The pupils of Meir Eleazar ben Simeon, Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman with! Yoḥai ( Suk son & pupil of Rabbi Shimon dwelt this assertion is Rehoboam, the son R.! Ben Simon mocked the man on account of his death ( editor ) eleazar ben simeon ;! Destruction done by old people eleazar ben simeon equivalent to building bar Yochai, and therefore in his name Rashbi Eleazar!, especially those of Zevaḥim and Menaḥot is the sixth most frequently as the opponent of R. bar... Editorial Notes [ Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project. on 17 December 2020, 20:31. Have reunited by the time of his ugliness and his wife did as instructed obliged! ‎ ) was thought to be the author of much of the generation... R. Eleazar son of R. Shimon bar Yochai, and appears in many of the pupils of Eleazar! Or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון, lit the talmudic version of events, he was a boy!, Simeon appears most frequently mentioned sage in the Mishnah aggadic, he was the son of Jose Galilean! Simeon ; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit Nevertheless, after Eleazar wayward! Times in the Mishnah, but hate him that speaks kindly of (. Animals were created for the purpose of serving man, while man was created to serve Creator!

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