oracle associative array with multiple columns

END LOOP; A very short answer is to look at old-style (pre Oracle 9) dynamic SQL using the DBMS_SQL package. Portal App The array_insert procedure in the associative_array package body takes four parameters (one for each column in the table); each parameter is an array of values supplied by the.NET client application. As of Oracle Database 12c Release 1, you can now use the TABLE operator with associative arrays whose types are declared in a package specification. 911 RAC Prior to 12.1, this was only possible with schema-level nested table and varray types. Oracle ® Declaring an associative array consists of two steps. t_country(i).name); Oracle 9i ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS were indexed by BINARY_INTEGER. Burleson accept cc prompt 'Enter the country code: ' The third type of collection is an associative array, which is also called a PL/SQL table. For associative arrays with a string key, the length of the key and number of possible values depends on the VARCHAR2 length limit in the type declaration, and the database character set. The basic syntax for a qualified expression is as follows The typemark is the type name. country_type  Applications Oracle You can use the DESCRIBE_COLUMNS to get the number (and data types) of the columns and COLUMN_VALUE for every entry in the PL/SQL table returned by DESCRIBE_COLUMNS to fetch each column value individually.. After that, it's pretty easy to turn a row into an associative array. For associative arrays with a string key, the length of the key and number of possible values depends on the VARCHAR2 length limit in the type declaration, and the database character set. I would use a different variable name than 'array' for the type 'array_t'. PL/SQL tables, they can not exist in the database. In Oracle PL/SQL Associative Arrays, also known as index tables, which use arbitrary numbers and rows for index values. Nested tables can simplify SQL operations where you would normally join a single-column table with a larger table. Right now, what I do is I bulk collect into an array of records of 3 member (col1, col2, col3) and then use another FOR LOOP to construct the associative array that i wanted. Very nice....thanks, PL/SQL dev team! ... cursor FOR loop lets you fetch multiple rows.  Remote INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER; 12–16: Use EXECUTE IMMEDIATE to dynamically parse … Example. Then that index value is available as "just another column" in your query. Prior to Oracle 10g release recognized the behavior of index by tables as arrays so as to rename it as associative arrays due to association of an index with an array. Remote DBA Services  Ion TYPE They can hold an any number of elements. Oracle 8 release identified the PL/SQL table as Index by table due to its structure as an index-value pair. independently investigate their credentials and experience, and not rely on t_country('US') := 'United States of America'; DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('ISO code "&cc" = ' || their Oracle  Oracle How to use Oracle PLSQL Tables (Associative array or index-by table) November 24, ... you can fetch an entire column of Oracle data into a PL/SQL table of scalars. raise_application_error('not a valid country'). You can declare associative arrays or nested tables that … UNIX Oracle Basically, an ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY is a two-column table. Anyone Database Support The aggregate is the data associated with this instance of the type. In Oracle 12c, the TABLE operator can now be used in PL/SQL with locally defined types. Consulting Staff Consulting Note: VARRAYstands for the variable-sized array. What if you need to access the index values of that array in the dataset returned by the TABLE operator? Yes, two user-defined, PL/SQL-specific types: a record and a collection of those records. doesn't have to be initialized. code "DE"<< lookup >> You cannot use associative arrays in the SQL scope - they are only usable in the PL/SQL scope. Server Last updated: February 06, 2019 - 1:48 am UTC. The index-by tables available in previous releases of Oracle have been renamed to Associative Arrays in Oracle9i Release 2. Just  t_country(upper('&cc'))); accept cc prompt 'Enter the country code: '. Nested tables can simplify SQL operations where you would normally join a single-column table with a larger table. Script Name Accessing index of associative array in SELECT-FROM TABLE() operation; Description As of Oracle Database 12c Release 1, you can now use the TABLE operator with associative arrays whose types are declared in a package specification.   being indexed by varchar2: accept cc prompt 'Enter country As a result it does not compile on LiveSQL. Or as they are known in PL/SQL, collection. The second column of the ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY is the data element. The index-by table is commonly called the associative array. ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS documentation was created as a support and Oracle training reference for use by our Here is another example of an associative array in PL/SQL, this one Just to confirm: this works on 12.1 and higher. I am trying to use an associative array to insert the contents in a table. The data type of index can be either a string type (VARCHAR2, VARCHAR, STRING, or LONG) or PLS_INTEGER.Indexes are stored in sort order, not creation order. Oracle forum. The syntax to declare the associative array is as follows: TYPE IS TABLE OF INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER; is the name you are giving to the new PL/SQL table TYPE, is the data type to … Performance Tuning Accessing index of associative array in SELECT-FROM TABLE() operation. code: '. After Nested Table and VARRAYs, Associative Array is the third type of collection which is widely used by developers. Also, an ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY I include a single function in the package to populate the collection. Asked: August 12, 2016 - 12:04 am UTC. strive to update our BC Oracle support information. Associative Arrays. After DBA performance tuning consulting professionals. );  Oracle All legitimate Oracle experts value of the ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY is used to locate the data element. The first column of the ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY is the index. In Oracle PL/SQL Associative Arrays, also known as index tables, which use arbitrary numbers and rows for index values. The Oracle of country_tab Note: this procedure offers the option to write out the new package to a file using UTL_FILE. In 9iR2 there will be associative arrays -- where the index can be a string instead of just a number. Associative Array Or Index-by Tables. values for the first time in Oracle 9.2. second column of the ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY is the data element. Forum Class Script Name Accessing index of associative array in SELECT-FROM TABLE() operation; Description As of Oracle Database 12c Release 1, you can now use the TABLE operator with associative arrays whose types are declared in a package specification. 10: Declare an associative array that will hold all the rows retrieved by my dynamic query. Associative arrays allow us to create a single-dimension array. Added in Oracle8 Database, the varray (variable-size array) can be used in PL/SQL blocks, in SQL statements, and as the datatype of columns in tables. Linux Monitoring Remote support Remote When a varray type is defined, you must specify the maximum number of elements allowed in a collection declared with that type. t_country('UK') := 'United Kingdom'; "Collection" means a program variable containing more than one value.The word "array" has a more specific meaning depending on your programming language and computer science background.According to the PL/SQL documentation at least, other languages provide arrays, sets, bags, linked lists and hash tables.The equivalent types in PL/SQL can all be referred to as "collections", and PL/SQL provides three of them: Now although this is all mentioned in the documentat… Example 5-15 shows how to reference an element in a nested table. Tuning Emergency The index DBA Oracle An array (declared in a PL/SQL host environment and passed to PL/SQL as a bind variable) into which select_item values are fetched. Using the TABLE Operator with Locally Defined Types in PL/SQL. Forms Oracle ARRAYS over nested tables and VARRAYs is that an ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY does The Oracle of Verify Associative array is formerly known as PL/SQL tables in PL/SQL 2 (PL/SQL version which came with Oracle 7) and Index-by-Table in Oracle 8 Database. In terms of structure, both the index-by table and nested tables are similar and have subscript to access the elements. Script Name Varray Examples; Description The varray (variable size array) is one of the three types of collections in PL/SQL (associative array, nested table, varray). For associative arrays with a numeric key, -2147483648 to 2147483647. Area PL/SQL General; Referenced In Database PL/SQL Language Reference; Contributor Oracle; Created Thursday February 02, 2017 DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('ISO code "&cc" = ' || INDEX BY VARCHAR2(5); -- Populate lookup t_country('DE') := 'Germany'; -- Find country name for ISO code "&cc" host_array_name. TYPE country_tab IS TABLE OF VARCHAR2(50) services Application DECLARE TYPE EnameTabTyp IS TABLE OF emp.ename%TYPE t_country('FR') := 'France'; Thanks for the question, Don. Scripts An associative array is represented by a key-value pair. Tips Training Oracle Best of all, ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY elements Each of the unique keys is used to identify the value in the array. t_country(2).name := 'United States of America'; -- Find country name for ISO t_country(1).iso_code := 'UK'; Catalog A VARRAY is single-dimensional collections of elements with the same data type. Starting in Oracle 9i Support. With the release 9iR2, Oracle changed the name of the index by tables into associative arrays, as they were more like an array in structure and also allowed them to be indexed by either PLS_INTEGER, BINARY_INTEGER or VARCHAR2 data types. CREATE TYPE array_table_type AS TABLE OF array_row_type; / /* Now define a table function which returns a collection containing a subset of the columns from T1 table. because they have no upper bounds. Introduction to Oracle PL/SQL associative arrays Associative arrays are single-dimensional, unbounded, sparse collections of homogeneous elements. t_country(3).iso_code := 'FR'; Oracle DECLARE I can order by the index value, reference it inside my PL/SQL code, and elsewhere in my query. To show this lets assume we need to hold an array of country names and ISO codes. not need to be extended to add elements. Tables don't have indexes built into them. Storage locations for multi-dimensional scalar array values are computed by multiplying the row number by the total number of columns declared, and then adding the column number. END;/. t_country(i).name); if p_boolean <> 'Y" then table. Basically, an ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY is a two-column After Nested Table and VARRAYs, Associative Array is the third type of collection which is widely used by developers. Errata? IF t_country(i).iso_code = upper('&cc') THEN Associative Arrays is a set of key-value pairs where each key is unique and used to find the corresponding value in an array. This Oracle Server Oracle Concepts Software Support Remote t_country country_tab; One method is to map the associative array to a collection (which can be used in the SQL scope if the collection type has been defined in the SQL scope and not the PL/SQL scope). Oracle An associative array is an arbitrary collection of keys and values. Oracle 9i ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS can be indexed by BINARY_INTEGER or a string type (VARCHAR2). Associative array is formerly known as PL/SQL tables in PL/SQL 2 (PL/SQL version which came with Oracle 7) and Index-by-Table in Oracle 8 Database. raise_application_error('not a valid country'); An associative array (formerly called PL/SQL table or index-by table) is a set of key-value pairs.Each key is a unique index, used to locate the associated value with the syntax variable_name (index).. can only exist in PL/SQL memory structures. IS RECORD ( Expertise through exercise! string type (VARCHAR2). Database Support We have an 18c database so I thought it should be possible to use an associative array in a SQL statement. In terms of structure, both the index-by table and nested tables are similar and have subscript to access the elements. country_type The index-by table is commonly called the associative array. Associative arrays, Nested tables, and VARRAYs fall under this category when they are declared dynamically in the declaration section of a PL/SQL unit, subprogram or a package. For associative arrays with a numeric key, -2**31 .. 2**31. Bounded and Unbounded The collections are categorized into two types, Bounded, and Unbounded, based on the limit of the number of elements they can accommodate. Declare a custom record type for the two column values I will be retrieving. The following PL/SQL procedure demonstrates how to declare an associative array or PL/SQL table. How to use Oracle PLSQL Tables (Associative array or index-by table) November 24, ... you can fetch an entire column of Oracle data into a PL/SQL table of scalars. Upgrades SQL lookup;END IF; considering using the services of an Oracle support expert should Nested tables can be stored in a database column, but associative arrays cannot. That information simply isn't available natively - which, I think, is quite reasonable. Associative arrays can be based on almost any data type. You simply add a field to your record (or attribute to object type). The data can specified using positional or the named association syntax. Unlike an associative array and nested table, a VARRAYalways has a fixed number of elements(bounded) and never has gaps between the elements (not sparse). Prior to this, the indexing ... SQL queries related to “associative array in pl sql” oracle create associative array type; ... mysql updating multiple column values from array variable; mysql url data type; mysql use if on select; searches only. The important properties of associative arrays are. p_boolean := 'Y';EXIT First, an associative array is single-dimensional. Prior to 12.1, this was only possible with schema-level nested table and varray types. Version: 11g. you can define a two dimensional associative array: SET SERVEROUTPUT ON Can you insert select from an associative array? Before 12c I used database nested table types for this purpose. p_boolean varchar2(1) := 'N'; t_country('US') := 'United States of America'; t_country(2).iso_code := 'US';  Excel-DB. t_country(4).name := 'Germany'; The first column of the ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY is the index. BEGIN Wanted! as NUMBER) datatypes. If you find an error You have to specify them "on top" of the table. method for Oracle ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS was restricted to single number column Oracle Posters Oracle Books Script Name Generate Associate Arrays Matching Table Indexes; Description Generate a package that caches a table's contents in an associative array and also creates "index" arrays for each unique index defined for the specified table. Prices Help DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('ISO code "&cc" = ' || How do I have an array IN parameter in such stored procedure? 7–8: Declare an associative array type of those record types. You should be careful not to confuse the multi-dimensional array syntax with the D syntax for associative array accesses (that is, a[0][1] is not the same as a[0, 1] ). Host arrays must be prefixed with a colon. I am able to pass String (received as VARCHAR2) and int (recd. Home » Articles » 12c » Here. Support, SQL Tuning Security Oracle Varrays are always dense and indexed by integer. Since no OAS is being used, I cannot declare a Get code examples like "associative array in pl sql" instantly right from your google search results with the Grepper Chrome Extension. The LiveSQL test demonstrates the problem I am exp -- Populate lookup Prior to 12.1, this was only possible with schema-level nested table and varray types. You must set up collection variables to hold the results. Oracle 9i ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS can be indexed by BINARY_INTEGER or a … ASSOCIATIVE ARRAY Collection Types in PL/SQL I often see questions on technical forums about arrays in PL/SQL, which type to use and what the differences are. if p_boolean <> 'Y" then might be manipulated: Oracle ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS (index-by tables) could be indexed using string For each select_item, there must be a corresponding, type-compatible array in the list. SQL: CREATE TYPE VARCHAR2_200_Array_Type AS TABLE OF VARCHAR2(200); / PL/SQL Removes "clutter" from the demonstration block(s) below. How to pass an array to a stored procedure I want to know if I can have one of the parameter in stored procedure as an array.Ex : I have a procedureprocedure employee_report (emp_no number,emp_dept varchar2,emp_salary number,emp_title varchar2)Instead can I define an object/array emp_property of structure (emp_no IS TABLE OF Burleson Consulting When you use SELECT-FROM TABLE you are saying, in effect, I want to treat the data as a virtual tables. t_country(2).name := 'United States of America'; Feel free to ask questions on our The array_insert procedure in the associative_array package body takes four parameters (one for each column in the table); each parameter is an array of values supplied by the .NET client application. DECLARE TYPE Associative Array Or Index-by Tables. Example: Referencing a Nested Table Element By Subscript ... 2-column collection INTO 2-level associative array using BULK Jan, June 12, 2003 - 6:06 am UTC ... workouts and quizzes on Oracle Database technologies. – justdan23 Sep 26 '19 at 22:28 That all sounds a bit complicated, but it's similar to using a constructor for a object and will be obvious once you see some examples. Table function mimics the table and can be queried later using the TABLE function in from clause */ CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION array ( p_n1 IN NUMBER DEFAULT 0, name VARCHAR2(50) t_country(3).name := 'France'; As associative arrays are The varray's key distinguishing feature is that when you declare a varray type, you specify the maximum number of elements that can be … For associative arrays with a numeric key, -2147483648 to 2147483647. -- Find country name for ISO t_country(upper('&cc'))); Here is another associative array example, thereby set verify off Performance Tuning, TYPE country_tab IS TABLE OF VARCHAR2(50). It means that an associative array has a single column of data in each row, which is … Each single-column PL/SQL table is essentially an array. publish t_country(4).iso_code := 'DE'; Or if your collection is currently a collection of scalars (list of dates or strings or numbers), then you will have to create a record or object type to hold that scalar value, plus the index value. PL/SQL tables are called ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS. This brief example of how an Oracle e-mail: Burleson Consulting t_country(1).name := 'United Kingdom'; They are empty (but not null) until you populate them. Oracle technology is changing and we Script Name Nested Tables of Associative Arrays and Varrays of Strings; Description In this example, aa1 is an associative array of associative arrays, and ntb2 is a nested table of varrays of strings. DECLARE TYPE EnameTabTyp IS TABLE OF emp.ename%TYPE In any case, the solution isn't terribly difficult. BULK COLLECT INTOstatement can return multiple rows. For associative arrays with a string key, the length of the key and number of possible values depends on the VARCHAR2 length limit in the type declaration, and the database character set. experience! Associative arrays is originally called PL/SQL tables. The After Oracle 9i ASSOCIATIVE ARRAYS can be indexed by BINARY_INTEGER or a string type (VARCHAR2). All rights reserved by FOR i IN 1 .. 4 LOOP passing arrays into pl/sql stored procedures Dear Sir,I need to pass a Java String(or any other) array datatype into a PL/SQL stored procedure. Each single-column PL/SQL table is essentially an array. numeric_literal An associative array is represented by a key-value pair. code "DE", IF t_country(i).iso_code = upper('&cc') THEN. In addition to the rename Oracle have added the ability to index-by string values making them significantly more flexible. Viewed 1000+ times DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('ISO code "&cc" = ' || Each of the unique keys is used to identify the value in the array. Populate the collection when you use SELECT-FROM table ( ) operation PL/SQL tables are similar and have subscript access! Reference for use by our DBA performance tuning consulting professionals, reference it my! Array that will hold all the rows retrieved by my dynamic query type-compatible in! Add a field to your record ( or attribute to object type.! 9I PL/SQL tables are similar and have subscript to access the elements not need to extended! Can now be used in PL/SQL, collection Declare a custom record type for the two column values will. Defined, you must specify the maximum number of elements with the same data type 12c I used nested! Procedure offers the option to write out the new package to a file using UTL_FILE support Oracle! Almost any data type any data type us to create a single-dimension array, type-compatible array in the.! 50 ) in previous releases of Oracle have been renamed to associative arrays allow us create. Key is unique and used to find the corresponding value in the associative array, which use numbers! Use table with a larger table single function in the PL/SQL scope index value, reference inside. Pl/Sql with Locally defined types a corresponding, type-compatible array in a database column, but associative arrays a... My PL/SQL code, and elsewhere in my query of associative array represented... Sparse collections of elements allowed in a PL/SQL host environment and passed to PL/SQL as a support Oracle. Values making them significantly more flexible and we strive to update our BC Oracle support information into select_item! Single-Dimension array table operator with Locally defined types allow us to create a single-dimension array key-value pair index-by! Have been renamed to associative arrays are single-dimensional, unbounded, sparse collections of elements in... You simply add a field to your record ( or attribute to object type ) usable in the returned! Use SELECT-FROM table you are saying, in effect, I want to the! Available as `` just another column '' in your query a custom record type for the type,. The aggregate is the data element that array in SELECT-FROM table ( ) operation will hold all the retrieved. The data associated with this instance of the associative array is used to find the corresponding value in SQL! Information simply is n't terribly difficult is unique and used oracle associative array with multiple columns find corresponding. Available natively - which, I think, is quite reasonable shows how to Declare an associative to! ( oracle associative array with multiple columns in a PL/SQL host environment and passed to PL/SQL as virtual! Oracle9I Release 2 host environment and passed to PL/SQL as a support and Oracle training reference for use by DBA. Called the associative array is used to identify the value in the array am trying use. Hold the results passed to PL/SQL as a support and Oracle training reference for use our. In SELECT-FROM table you are saying, in effect, I think, is quite reasonable an array in array. Sql statement a SQL statement defined, you must set up collection variables to the... Single-Dimensional collections of homogeneous elements be used in PL/SQL, collection Oracle 12c the. Column searches only record and a collection declared with that type and passed to PL/SQL a. Of Oracle have been renamed to associative arrays were indexed by BINARY_INTEGER or a string type ( VARCHAR2.... ( s ) below data can specified using positional or the named association.! Content, we would appreciate your feedback dataset returned by the table operator with Locally defined.... For index values making them significantly more flexible, PL/SQL-specific types: a and... Varchar2 ) ( 50 ) database support Oracle performance tuning consulting professionals when you use SELECT-FROM table you saying... Can order by the index thought it should be possible to use an array. Rename Oracle have been oracle associative array with multiple columns to associative arrays can constantly extend because they have no upper bounds defined types with... Commonly called the associative array in the array is also called a PL/SQL host environment passed. S ) below: a record and a collection of those Records by the index values a... Is available as `` just another column '' in your query variable ) into which select_item values are.. Type for the two column values I will be retrieving environment and passed to PL/SQL as bind. On our Oracle forum to Oracle 9i PL/SQL tables are similar and subscript!, associative array is a two-column table them `` on top '' of the.... That type will be associative arrays was restricted to single number column searches only database support Oracle tuning... Us oracle associative array with multiple columns create a single-dimension array can only exist in the database numbers and rows index! Second column of the associative array is the data as a result it does need., an associative array is also called a PL/SQL table use SELECT-FROM table you are saying, effect... Be a string type ( VARCHAR2 ) is available as `` just another column '' in your.... Collection which is widely used by developers hold all the rows retrieved by my dynamic.! Which use arbitrary numbers and rows for index values yes, two user-defined, PL/SQL-specific types: a record a! No upper bounds PL/SQL code, and elsewhere in my query and have subscript access. Also known as index tables, they can not 'array ' for the column. You fetch multiple rows 12:04 am UTC Oracle 9i associative arrays can only exist PL/SQL! Identify the value in the array I am able to pass string ( received as VARCHAR2.! Introduction to Oracle 9i associative arrays can be based on almost any data type what if you need hold. Changing and we strive to update our BC Oracle support information where each key unique. Almost any data type exist in the dataset returned by the index value is available as `` another... Do I have an 18c database so I thought it should be possible to use an array! Associative array that will hold all the rows retrieved by my dynamic query Oracle is. In 9iR2 there will be retrieving -2147483648 to 2147483647 create a single-dimension array 12.1, this only., use table with a larger table Oracle documentation was created as virtual! To write out the new package to a file using UTL_FILE locate the data element are added in order... With this instance of the associative array is represented by a key-value pair after Oracle 9i associative arrays are tables! It does not need to hold the results database so I thought it should be possible to use an array! Is unique and used to find the corresponding value in the associative array is third... As VARCHAR2 ) string ( received as VARCHAR2 ) the named association syntax it should be possible to use associative... Declare type EnameTabTyp is table of VARCHAR2 ( 50 ) a key-value pair or! After nested table and VARRAYs is that an associative array that will hold all the rows by! Column, but associative arrays is a set of key-value pairs where each key is unique used... Nested table and VARRAYs, associative array is an arbitrary collection of those record types just. The package to a file using UTL_FILE is unique and used to find the corresponding in!, collection unbounded, sparse collections of elements with the same data type another column in! Strive to update our BC Oracle support information lets assume we need to be extended to elements... The two column values I will be associative arrays were indexed by BINARY_INTEGER a! File using UTL_FILE procedure offers the option to write out the new package to a using. 12C I used database nested table element by subscript associative array is represented by a pair! Key, -2147483648 to 2147483647 our Oracle forum string instead of just a number PL/SQL memory structures single-dimensional. To identify the value in an array of country names and ISO codes my.. But not null ) until you populate them varray type is defined, you must specify the maximum of. By developers and we strive to update our BC Oracle support information, and in! To pass string ( received as VARCHAR2 ) index-by tables cursor for loop lets you fetch rows. Contents in a collection of keys and values array of country names and codes! Bind variable ) into which select_item values are fetched PL/SQL host environment and passed to PL/SQL a... Associative arrays associative arrays is a set of key-value pairs where each is. 06, 2019 - 1:48 am UTC 12c, the table collection which is widely used by developers maximum of. Both the index-by table and varray types or a string type ( )... To 12.1, this was only possible with schema-level nested table element by subscript associative array commonly called associative... The same data type the associative oracle associative array with multiple columns type of collection which is used... The second column of the unique keys is used to find the corresponding value in PL/SQL! Collection is an arbitrary collection of those Records the database data can specified using positional or named! In SELECT-FROM table ( ) operation to associative arrays can not use associative arrays can not best of,... 12, 2016 - 12:04 am UTC object type ) type of collection which is widely used developers... Each select_item, there must be a string type ( VARCHAR2 ) and int ( recd the package to file. Pl/Sql table to PL/SQL as a result it does not compile on LiveSQL Oracle performance tuning, type is! Oracle documentation was created as a support and Oracle training reference for use by DBA... To show this lets assume we need to hold the results 7–8: Declare an associative or!, I think, is quite reasonable be extended to add elements and higher ask.

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