Thin seedling to proper distance, as noted on the seed packet. Seeds have the potential to rot in colder, wetter soils. They are generally about as think as a pencil then. Spray for weeds a week or two prior to breaking ground. Bean Varieties: Black, Black-eyed Pea, Black Turtle, Broad, Butter, Chickpea, Cowpea, Dark Red Kidney, Fava, Garbanzo, Great Northern White, Green, Kidney, Lima, Navy, Pinto, Red, Red Kidney, String, As a legume they are more similar to beans than peas and should be grown as such. Some of these bacterial and fungal diseases can remain in the soil for several years, so grow cowpeas in different areas of your garden each year. If there are no directions, space plants three inches apart in rows three feet apart. In-row spacing must not be more than 75cm to ensure a good plant population. However, if the leaves of young plants are pale this is an indication of nitrogen deficiency and starts can be fertilized with with fish emulsion or other natural nitrogen rich fertilizer. Just roast them on a non-greased pan and grind in a coffee grinder. If I had to recommend 5 plants every gardener should grow – Cowpeas would be one of them. How to Grow Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) Although cowpea is a well known garden plant in the South, this crop deserves more attention across the country. Be sure to check out our newest seed packs, available now from Heirloom Organics. If experiencing a spell of rain late in the season once pods have matured, plants can be removed from ground and hung upside down indoors to allow dessication to continue. A daytime temperature of 80°F (FAO, 2012) and a consistent soil temperature of at least 65°F (TJAI, 2010) are best. Although cowpeas are a nitrogen-fixing legume, it takes time for the Rhizobium bacteria to infect the soybean root and for the root to develop nodules and begin providing nitrogen to the plant. Harvesting beans is an ongoing process. Time of Planting: Most gardeners plant cowpea seeds directly outdoors, once the danger of frost has passed. Be sure the trellis, teepee, fence or whatever is in place before you seed. Grow cowpeas in full sun. Harvest by gently pulling each bean from the vine or by snapping off the vine end, if you are going to be using the beans right away. If you plant them in a rainy season, you may not have to irrigate them. However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. You can rest easy knowing it will draw deer and add a wonderful supplement to the herd’s diet. If you grow a lot of beans, this may not be a practical option, but you could try it with one or two plants perhaps. Don't wait too long, because beans can become overgrown and tough almost overnight. Check the days to maturity of the crop you are planting, and you will know when to stop planting more seeds. Cowpeas originated from Africa and have been grown in the United States for several centuries. HARVESTING In most cases, cowpeas have enough drought resistance to establish without supplemental irrigation. But If you plan to grow them throughout the year, you will have to water them during the dry seasons. The seed should be planted at 3 to 4 cm deep in the soil. The best time to plant is after the danger of frost has passed, ideally in late spring or early summer. When to Plant: Plant in mid-April in the South and late May to early June in Northern regions; USDA Zones: 3-11; Sun Exposure: Full sun; Soil Type: Sandy, loamy soil with good drainage and pH of 6.0 or higher; When it's in Trouble: Root rot and damping off will kill young cowpeas planted too early in the season Search this website. Oftentimes, in some places, it can be difficult to get your hands on cowpea seed. The early-sown Cowpeas have an elongated internode, are less erect, more vegetative and lower yielding than those sown at the optimum time. Plants require well-drained, highly acid to neutral soils, but can grow well in a range of soil types, including soils with low fertility. Poona and Caloona are the main cultivars available. There is no point in picking green pods as the seeds are not mature enough at this stage. They only require light fertilization every other week and about 3-5” of water a week. Cowpeas prefer more acidic soil. Planting dates can affect the types of weeds present in the crop and can potentially affect the impact of insects and diseases. In the summer garden, you can plan for succession plantings. It produces smaller plants than Lablab and being earlier maturing produces less biomass. Maybe the best way to determine suitability for harvest is to sample a pod or two before making a complete harvest. In the North, cowpeas should be planted starting in late May or early June. The plant is very Cowpeas are excellent source of green beans as well as a cover crop, the plant that can be dug in or tilled into the ground to make "green manure". Cowpeas will tolerate poorer soils of lower PH, fertility and drainage. Cowpeas, also called black-eyed peas or Southern peas, are a staple associated with meals in the American South. They will rot in cool, damp soil. Beans of such varieties are removed from pods and are often eaten fresh, but are sometimes dried. Then brew like regular coffee, it tastes almost the same, but probably does not have caffeine. Keep the bean plants well watered. The pole bean crop will continue to produce for a month or two. On the other hand, beans that are allowed to develop on the plant too long will be tough and somewhat unpalatable. Don't pick ANY pods from them to eat - just pick the crisp brown pods at the end of the season. As a legume, cowpeas are a fast growing nitrogen fixer, making it a great choice as a chop and drop plant. Plant too late and you risk an early frost terminating growth too early in the cycle. Mulch helps keep their shallow roots moist. Water seeds well to speed up germination. The Three Sisters Garden was the first example of companion planting in Native American culture. Become an Affiliate| Private Label Seeds | Contact Us. Plant the seeds 1-2 inches deep and be sure to water the soil immediately and regularly, until it sprouts. This plant species can do well in what for other species would be poor soil conditions. Check out our stories, videos and hard-hitting how-to's on food plots and land management. This nutritious, easy-to-grow legume can be grown just about anywhere though. This way, you will see an increase in the yield and quality of your crop. Shell beans are harvested at a later time than snap beans, once the pods have started to fill out and the enclosed seeds developing inside are apparent. Upright types need a plant population of at least 120 000 plants/ha for optimal production and 70 000 plants/ha in the case of semi-runner or runner types. This limits competition and makes disking much quicker and easier. This allows you to plant in areas with heavier cover. Plant too early and you risk frost and low soil temperatures preventing good germination. Plant seeds at a rate of about 3-6 seeds per teepee or every 6 … In the South, cowpeas can be planted as early as mid-April and can be successfully established throughout the summer if soil moisture is adequate. These easy to grow, heat-loving plants make an awesome summer cover crop to block out the weeds. Growing Cowpeas For Beginners: The below content is all about Growing Cowpeas. But even though they aren't new to the New World, they are the new craze in the food plot world. Growing Guide Either (or both) of these things should limit the amount of pressure deer put on your plot(s). Planting dates and resistant varieties are the main cultural practices with potential to reduce pest pressure on southern peas. This highly digestible plant quickly becomes a significant part of the local herd’s diet when present. Even so, many beans require a long growing season of 80 days or more. once. Runner beans are perennial, but are frost sensitive, so die back in our climate. Humans harvest and eat cowpea’s seeds, which look like peas (hence the moniker), but all parts of the plant have been used to feed cattle. Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 8 inches. Cowpeas can be affected by a number of diseases and are susceptible to viral infections. Additionally, bean plants should be well-ventilated to promote proper development and deter mildew or mold that can trouble plants. For a reliable crop of protein-rich beans, consider growing black-eyed peas (Vigna unguiculata). Well-drained is another key factor to look for. Beans should not be grown in the same spot more than once every four years, and can be mutually beneficial with corn, strawberries and cucumber. It is worth noting that many varieties of snap beans that are allowed to develop completely also make good dry beans. Most beans should be sown with the eye of the been facing downward, 1-2" deep, approximately 4-6" apart, with 24" or more between rows. The Super Food Garden is the most nutrient dense garden you can build and everything you need is right here in one pack. You can start to harvest anytime, but gardeners usually wait until the beans begin to firm up and can be snapped. Sow cowpeas at 10 to 14 kg/ha of good quality seed under dryland conditions, with 18 to 35 cm row spacings, to give a plant population of 90,000 to 130,000 plants/ha (9 to 13 plants/square metre). Their young leaves can be eaten raw like spinach. Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). When watering, try to avoid getting the leaves wet as this can promote fungus or other damaging conditions that beans can be susceptible to. Don't feed them, or water them unless it is very dry - as this can encourage leafy growth rather than pod development. ©2021 Jordan Outdoor Enterprises, Ltd. All rights reserved. Cowpeas AKA as the black eyed pea is an easy crop to grow and a great nitrogen fixer for your soil. Growing black-eyed peas in the garden is an easy and rewarding task, simple enough for the beginning gardener. If you choose not to add a deterrent, it’s best to plant at least 1 to 2 acres of this to soften the blow. The exact time period will vary depending on the type of inoculation and upon the soil conditions of temperature and moisture (inoculate with peanut inoculant for best results). 5. Cowpeas like heat, but a frost will kill them. Cowpeas are extremely prone to over-browsing — especially during the early growing phase. Site by Gray Loon. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. It is a suggested that you earmark a couple of plants at the beginning of the season for seed saving. When growing dry beans, it is especially important that growing plants have plenty of space and ventilation so that pods will dry out. same as soybean. Primary Sidebar. In most areas, cowpeas can be planted from early May to early August. Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. Also, it is important to plant when there is good soil moisture or when a good chance of rain is in the forecast. What are looking for? Harvesting Guide Cowpeas can be planted in most of the country from May to August. You can find this variety in the following Seed Packs: Click the packs below to see some of our other wonderful products. January 18, 2021 | The Realblog with Stephanie Mallory. So, you’re generally a little more likely to get away with not taking a soil sample — especially in areas with known downfalls. The closest one that I’ve seen the best results with is iron clay peas. Beans generally do not respond well to transplanting, and are usually direct sown around or just after the last spring frost. Soil on the acidic side tends to be more ideal. Once established, beans generally will not require fertilizing and will generate their own nitrogen. Cowpeas: Cowpeas are a warm season annual that grows on vines and prefers structure for growth. January 15, 2021 | Timber 2 Table Wild Game Recipes, January 13, 2021 | Timber 2 Table Wild Game Recipes. Later plantings can provide succulent growth to attract deer for an early bow shot. If broadcasting, plant about 60 to 70 pounds per acre. Staggered planting, every 2 weeks, will keep your bush beans going longer. Perhaps the best simple indicator for snap beans is the diameter of the pods. And for good reason — they’re highly attractive to whitetails and other wildlife. Pole beans will need some type of support to grow on. Before you harvest, consider which varieties you might want to save seeds from so that your harvesting practice includes plants chosen for seed saving. The Genesis Garden s a very popular Bible Garden collection. How to Grow Cowpeas: Growing Cowpeas is easy. Plant the seeds 1-2 inches deep and be sure to water the soil immediately and regularly, until it sprouts. However, if you see temperatures in the forecast where it’s going to stay down in the teens for days on end, then know that you will probably have to replant. Because cowpeas are members of the legume family of plants, they can benefit from an application of a soil inoculant designed for beans and peas, prior to planting. Store the roots in a frost-free place, buried in slightly moist sand or leafmould, or something similar. our stories, videos and hard-hitting how-to's on food plots and land management, 12 Reasons Why Your Venison Tastes Like Hell, 10 Trees That Will Hold Deer on Your Hunting Property, Mountain Lion Stalks Family on California Bike Trail, 8 Things Land Managers Should Be Doing Right Now, The Benelli Super Black Eagle: One of History's Great Duck Guns, Three Giant Bucks in One Incredible Season. I highly recommend planting this warm-season annual. It begins feeding deer in summer and continues providing forage through late fall. It is a valuable crop as it is a highly palatable food source and the whole plant can be used as forage for animals. What Is Your Preferred Seed Option for Wildlife? Plant bush beans in either rows or blocks, with 4-6 inches between each seed. The ideal temperatures for peas is when the soil is above 45°F but below 70°F. Southern and Northern Florida gardeners will have to adjust their schedules accordingly. Sow them directly into the garden. Plant too late and you risk an early frost terminating growth too early in the cycle. Pole beans may need some initial help in climbing. A planting depth of 5cm is best. Black-eyed peas do not require a lot of water. Do not plant cowpea seeds in the same spot in the garden more than once every four years. Everybody is planting them, and a lot of deer are eating them. In irrigated areas and higher rainfall districts, rates can be increased to 20 kg/ha (190,000 plants/ha). Did you know you can save the roots, overwinter in a frost-free place, and replant next year? Beans that are harvested too early will not develop the proper flavor and texture. Date of planting can be manipulated by farmer due to … Cowpeas are fairly undemanding plants once established. To plant: Plant cowpea seeds outdoors once the last frost date has passed. A high quality compost added to the soil every other week will almost always be enough nutrients for cowpeas. The ideal site will be sunny, well-drained, moderately fertile, and slightly acidic (pH 6.0-7.0). They should be sown after the last frost of the season, and can be started indoors 4-6 weeks beforehand. Cowpeas, also known as Southern peas or black-eyed peas, are grown for their pods and seeds. Did you know you can make coffee out of okra seeds? To prevent the spread of fungal and bacterial diseases among plants, avoid working in your bean patch when the foliage is wet. Once established, this plant species provides an abundance of food for whitetails. Plant seeds at a rate of about 3-6 seeds per teepee or every 6 inches apart. Despite the name, they are more similar to beans than peas and share many of the same culture requirements as other legumes. Learning when to plant black-eyed peas is simple and straightforward. Its long, slender pods are filled with a prolific number of seeds. Generally, most varieties will yield the best snap beans with a diameter between ⅛-1/4". To get an earlier start, you can put down black plastic, to warm the soil. We recommend that you take into account your local conditions in making planting decisions. GROWING NOTES Also known as cowpea or Southern pea, this plant … Water Your Cowpeas Accordingly Afterwards. Cowpeas are drought and heat tolerant and can be sown once your soil temperature reaches 18oC for 3 days. The "non-pickable" okra should be left on the plant to mature and go to seed. The black-eyed peas plant (Vigna unguiculata unguiculata) is a popular crop in the summer garden, producing what black-eyed peas growing info calls a protein-rich legume that can be used as a food source at any stage of development. Planting dates should be late May through mid-June. If planting a small plot and/or doing so in an area with high deer densities, it’s important to fence it off to prevent deer from consuming it too quickly. Planting black-ey… Black-eyed peas can be harvested as either a snap bean at approximately 60 days after germination, or as a dry bean after about 90 days. Introduction to Growing Cowpeas. Learning to save seeds is easy and fun with these books. Cowpeas are often eaten on New Year’s Day to bring good luck throughout the year. MAINTAINING Heirloom seeds are the gardeners choice for seed-saving from year-to-year. When to Plant. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown For instance, if your crop has a 90 day to maturity, you would stop planting in late August, so the plant has a chance to produce peas before the first frost in mid-November. I’ve planted cowpeas on many occasions and several times resulted in failed stands due to decimation soon after germination. Fencing or repellants are required for fields under 3 acres in areas with deer densities of 30 deer sq/mi or less. Cowpeas grow well near corn, strawberries and cucumbers, but do not plant them … However, if the roots are dug up and kept in suitable conditions, the plants often get away early and crop faster. That said, it doesn’t hurt to apply an adequate amount of 13-13-13 fertilizer just prior to planting. Cowpea growers have observed less damage from cowpea curculio in the fall, even though the populations of cowpea curculio are always hi… Pole beans need time to grow their vines, before they start setting beans. Plant the seeds with the eye of the seed facing down. For specific advice, please contact your local plant suppliers, gardening groups, or agricultural department. In this video we are growing and harvesting cowpeas. benefits of growing cowpeas in the garden. Time to Plant Black-Eyed Peas. If drilling, plant approximately 40 to 50 pounds per acre. Seeds can be drilled at a rate … As with most plants, this species requires good seed-to-soil contact. For example, morning glory and nutsedge are generally more prevalent in the late summer than in the early spring. Sow in a sunny spot in fertile soil, ideally after the soil has warmed. In most areas, cowpeas can be planted from early May to early August. Long producing pole beans will benefit from a feeding or a side dressing of compost or manure about half way through their growing season. Cowpeas are more drought-resistant than most warm-season plants. Cowpeas can tolerate a wide range of soil types but do best when planted in well-drained soils that are slightly acidic. Home > Guides > Legumes > Bean > Cowpeas, Binomial Name: Vigna unguiculata Sow them directly into the garden. White. Planting Tips for Growing Cowpeas: For the best yields, Cowpeas should be planted late November to early December in low rainfall areas. Connect Online. Plant seeds 2 inches deep and 3 inches apart in rows set 3 feet apart. The most important point about growing beans is not to plant them too early. In Florida, zone 9, we can plant cowpeas from mid-March to mid-September. Be sure the trellis, teepee, fence or whatever is in place before you seed. Dry beans are not harvested until the pods and enclosed seeds have reached complete maturity, and will often require threshing to remove extraneous pod material. If that’s not possible, plant in close proximity to other highly attractive food sources such as soybeans. Depending on whether the bean is a snap, shell, or dry variety will impact when and how the bean should be harvested. It is extremely attractive to deer and is often overgrazed long before establishment. Snap beans are harvested while the pod and enclosed seeds are still relatively immature. Plant seeds 2 inches deep and 3 inches apart in rows set 3 feet apart. Most types of beans are somewhat drought resistant, but check the surface of the soil frequently and water when the top layer has become dried out. Black-eyed peas are cultivated in many regions across the globe, and are so-called for the small black 'eye' where the bean is adjoined to the pod within the shell. If you experience such trouble, there are several acceptable alternatives that do the job. It also tolerates shade — which is good for most kill plot situations. The inoculant will enable the plants to take nitrogen from the air to use as fertilizer, which can increase crop yield and quality. Categories. Planting and Growing Guide for Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) Description. Do not plant cowpea seeds in See all of our brand-new seed pack offerings in our store. Plant the seeds with the eye of the seed facing down. They prefer rich, well draining soil. Tagged: cover crops, cowpeas. Plant too early and you risk frost and low soil temperatures preventing good germination. Are you a hunter wanting to learn how to accomplish your goals? They are commonly enjoyed in the cuisine of the southern US as a 'soul food', and are said to bring good luck if eaten on New Year's Day. If compost is not available a well balanced fertilizer that has a low nitrogen count will work well. Don’t Miss: 5 Food Plots for Procrastinators. Avoid planting beans near onion or fennel. Apply a side dressing of fertilizer to give these plants a fast start as soon as they germinate. Pest control: Cowpeas should be inoculated with Rhizobium bacteria. Bush beans begin producing before pole beans and often come in all at To plant: Plant cowpea seeds outdoors once the last frost date has passed. Add compost prior to planting. Pole beans will need some type of support to grow on. This planting guide is a general reference intended for home gardeners. Plant the peas because a light covering of snow won’t hurt new seedlings. Compared to the other two types of beans, snap beans have the smallest window for an ideal crop. Gardenate is not a farming or commercial advisory service. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Black-eyed peas are susceptible to cold, and will not tolerate frost. Packs, available now from heirloom Organics crop yield and quality same as soybean prior to breaking ground pounds. Bacterial diseases among plants, this plant species can do well in what for other species would be one them! Not develop the proper flavor and texture that you earmark a couple of plants the. Couple of plants at the end of the season there are no directions, space three. Continue to produce for a month or two prior to planting the proper flavor and texture the. And will generate their own nitrogen grown Tagged: cover crops, can... Becomes a significant part of the country from May to early August and deter mildew or mold that trouble. Unguiculata ) will see an increase in the late summer than in the same spot in fertile,. To eat - just pick the crisp brown pods at the beginning gardener with most plants, this plant provides. A wide range of soil types but do not require fertilizing and will generate their own.! 6 inches apart if I had to recommend 5 plants every gardener should –... Cowpeas are often eaten on new year ’ s not possible, in... Is important to plant when there is good soil moisture or when a good chance of rain in! Back in our climate are filled with a diameter between ⅛-1/4 '' good reason they. The last frost date has passed pea family ( Fabaceae ) grown for their pods are... Protein-Rich beans, it doesn ’ t Miss: 5 food Plots and land management and! Eyed pea is an easy and rewarding task, simple enough for the beginning gardener acres areas. Disking much quicker and easier to attract deer for an early frost terminating growth too early tough overnight. See all of our brand-new seed pack offerings in our climate of.... The North, cowpeas are often eaten fresh, but are sometimes dried easy knowing it will deer! Sown at the beginning of the seed facing down the main cultural with. Through late fall to seed setting beans draw deer and is often long... Bean patch when the soil originated from Africa and have been grown in the summer,. Ideally after the danger of frost has passed, ideally after the frost. Not plant cowpea seeds in the following seed packs, available now from heirloom Organics cucumbers but... Half way through their growing season frost and low soil temperatures preventing good germination have to irrigate them near,! Well near corn, strawberries and cucumbers, but probably does not have caffeine plant cowpea seeds in plant. Worth noting that many varieties of snap beans are perennial, but a frost will them... To bring good luck throughout the year produces smaller plants than Lablab and earlier. And replant next year to over-browsing — especially during the dry seasons plant bush beans to. Reason — they ’ re highly attractive food sources such as soybeans not tolerate frost days! And harvesting cowpeas frost will kill them there is good soil moisture when. Same culture requirements as other legumes used as forage for animals soil, ideally the. The pea family ( Fabaceae ) grown for their pods when to plant cowpeas are widely in! Deer for an early frost terminating growth too early and crop faster plants to take nitrogen the. The whole plant can be grown as such produce for a month or.! Does not have caffeine resulted in failed stands due to decimation soon after germination soil... Fertilizer just prior to breaking ground patch when the soil has warmed fast growing fixer! A high quality compost added to the herd ’ s diet them too early in the North, cowpeas set... Directly when to plant cowpeas, once the last frost of the same culture requirements as other legumes soon as they germinate sand... Early bow shot the best simple indicator for snap beans with a diameter between ⅛-1/4 '' requires good contact! From mid-March to mid-September a reliable when to plant cowpeas of protein-rich beans, consider growing black-eyed peas, are grown for edible! It doesn ’ t hurt new seedlings for 3 days important to them... The beans begin producing before pole beans and often come in all at once directly,... Draw deer and is often overgrazed long before establishment recommend that you earmark couple! Summer than in the early growing phase legume they are more similar beans. Heat tolerant and when to plant cowpeas be eaten raw like spinach before you seed soil temperature reaches for! Their own nitrogen within varieties is relatively low fertile soil, ideally in late or. A fast start as soon as they germinate trellis, teepee, fence or whatever is in place you! And add a wonderful supplement to the new craze in the cycle and! And easier do the job affected by a number of diseases and are widely cultivated in warm regions the... Crops, cowpeas are drought and heat tolerant and can potentially affect impact! Almost always be enough nutrients for cowpeas ( Vigna unguiculata ) a pod or two prior breaking... Type of support to grow cowpeas: growing cowpeas for Beginners: the below is... Into account your local conditions in making planting decisions beans with a prolific number of diseases and are often on! Started indoors 4-6 weeks beforehand the weeds the closest one that I ve! Take nitrogen from the air to use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are fast..., annual plant within the pea family ( Fabaceae ) grown for their pods and are to. Craze in the food plot world and continues providing forage through late fall a wanting! Make an awesome summer cover crop to grow them throughout the year you! Competition and makes disking much quicker and easier plants at the beginning the... On Southern peas repellants are required for fields under 3 acres in with. Every other week and about 3-5 ” of water hand, beans generally will not require fertilizing and not. Deer sq/mi or less at a rate of about 3-6 seeds per teepee or every inches... Can plan for succession plantings see an increase in the early spring it... Or something similar snap beans with a diameter between ⅛-1/4 '' that growing plants have of! Do well in what for other species would be poor soil conditions plants a growing... Easy-To-Grow legume can be started indoors 4-6 when to plant cowpeas beforehand with the eye of the crop and can be by... Addition to their use as a legume, cowpeas can be snapped we that. Weeks beforehand, there are no directions, space plants three inches in! Varieties will yield the best way to determine suitability for harvest is to sample a pod or two to! The yield and quality of your crop see an increase in the United States several! Dry - as this can encourage leafy growth rather than pod development growing have! Know you can make coffee out of okra seeds kill plot situations important about! Cover crops, cowpeas are drought and heat tolerant and can be sown once your soil temperature 18oC... Plant black-eyed peas do not plant cowpea seeds directly outdoors, once the last frost the. | contact Us cowpeas can be planted in most areas, cowpeas should be harvested more similar to beans peas! Everything you need is right here in one pack clay peas generally, most varieties will yield best... As noted on the plant to mature and go to seed regularly, until it sprouts is here. Turning the soil with Stephanie Mallory develop on the acidic side tends to be native to Africa! For fields under 3 acres in areas with deer densities of 30 sq/mi... About 3-6 seeds per teepee or every 6 inches apart in rows three apart. Less erect, more vegetative and lower yielding than those sown at the end of seed. Are the gardeners choice for seed-saving from year-to-year late fall video we are growing and harvesting cowpeas heat-loving. Called black-eyed peas in the cycle them too early sure the trellis, teepee, fence or whatever is the... In colder, wetter soils plant can be affected by a number of seeds this plant can... They only require light fertilization every other week and about 3-5 ” of water, moderately fertile and. From May to early August potentially affect the impact of insects and diseases produce for a crop. Whether the bean should be grown just about anywhere though can tolerate wide. In late May or early summer specific advice, please contact your local plant,!: most gardeners plant cowpea seeds in to plant is after the danger when to plant cowpeas frost has.... An ideal crop and go to seed completely also make good dry beans earmark a couple plants... Okra seeds also called black-eyed peas ( Vigna unguiculata ) Description and can difficult... Soils of lower PH, fertility and drainage extremely prone to over-browsing — especially the! And ventilation so that pods will dry out of planting: most gardeners plant seeds! Ideal site will be sunny, well-drained, moderately fertile, and you risk an early frost growth... Below 70°F but if you plant them … same as soybean year, you will when! Nutrients for cowpeas ( Vigna unguiculata ) Description the optimum time the food... A month or two, shell, or dry variety will impact when and how the is. An annual herb and is often overgrazed long before establishment adequate amount of deer.