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Two years later, another rebellion became known as the Second Polygar War. Tirunelveli district is the penultimate southernmost district of Tamil Nadu in southern India. Read More [29][30], Inscriptions from the eighth to the 14th centuries (during the rule of the Pandyas, Cholas and later Tenkasi Pandyas) indicate the growth of Tirunelveli as a centre of economic growth which developed around the Nellaiappar temple. The average annual rainfall is 680 millimetres (27 in). The drier parts of the province also flourished during the rule of the Vijayanagara kings. ‘Thiru – Nel – Veli’ meaning Sacred Paddy Hedge. [68], Tirunelveli has an extensive transport network and is well-connected to other major cities by road, rail and air. Some of the other important rivers of Tirunelveli include Pachaiyar, Korayar, Chittar, Aintharuviar, Ramanathi, Jambunathi, Aluthakanniar, Gadananathi, Hanumanathi, Karuppanathi, Nambiyar, Karunaiyar, Vadamalaiyaru and so on. [85] The first boarding school for girls was opened in 1821, but its efforts were hampered by the emphasis on Christian education. [74] The temple has several festivals, the foremost an annual festival when the temple chariot is brought around the streets near the temple. [69] In 1844, a bridge was built by Colonel Horsley across the Tamirabarani River, connecting Tirunelveli to Palayamkottai. [78], Tirunelveli has a number of cinemas which predominantly play Tamil movies. The town is located roughly 400 kilometers away from Chennai. It lies along the Tambraparni River slightly upstream from the town of Palayankottai, with which it is now merged administratively. Tirunelveli was a strategic point, connecting the eastern and western parts of the peninsula, as well as a trading centre. Anna University of Technology Tirunelveli was established in 2007, offering a variety of engineering and technology courses for undergraduate and graduate students. Xavier's College' and St. John's College (operated by the Church of South India diocese), MDT Hindu College, Sadakathulla Appa College and Sarah Tucker College are notable arts colleges. [81], The Government Exhibition, an annual event at Exhibition Grounds, attracts thousands of visitors from in and around Tirunelveli. [20] The major lakes in the city are Nainar Lake and Udayarpetti Lake. In 2019, Tenkasi was split from Tirunelveli District forming Tenkasi District. In early 1900's, parts of Tirunelveli district was made as Ramanathapuram and Virudhunagar districts. In 2005 they contributed 2036.9 MW to the state power-generation capacity. [73], The nearest airport to Tirunelveli is Tuticorin Airport (TCR) at Vaagaikulam in Thoothukkudi District, 22 km (14 mi) east of the city, which offers daily flights to Chennai and Bangalore. Tirunelveli is an ancient city, and is more than 2,000 years old. It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirunelveli District. Tirunelveli was the subsidiary capital of the Madurai Nayaks;[11] under Viswanatha Nayak (1529–64), the city was rebuilt about 1560. Tirunelveli has beedi and cement factories, tobacco companies, workshops for steel-based products and mills for cotton textiles, spinning and weaving; there are also small-scale industries, such as tanneries and brick kilns. [45], Tirunelveli is a part of the Tirunelveli Lok Sabha constituency, with ten assembly constituencies: Tirunelveli, Vasudevanallur (SC), Sankarankoil (SC), Kadayanallur, Nanguneri, Ambasamudram, Tenkasi, Alangulam, Radhapuram and Palayamkottai. There are daily passenger services to Madurai, Tiruchendur, Tiruchirapalli, Mayiladuthurai, Palghat and Kollam. [2] Tirunelveli was known in Sambandar's seventh-century Saiva canonical work Tevaram as Thirunelveli. Tirunelveli had four sub-district schools: two teaching Tamil and one each for Telugu and Persian. It is an ancient and reputed Vishnu temple. For its namesake district, see, 627001, 627002, 627003, 627004, 627005, 627006, 627007, 627008, 627009, 627010, 627011, 627012, 627353, 627357, 627358, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMP_of_Tirunelveli2019 (, Tirunelveli City Municipal Corporation Building, Anna University of Technology Tirunelveli, Government College of Engineering, Tirunelveli, Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum, "Station: Palayamkottai Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", Tirunelveli Municipality Commissioner 2011, Tirunelveli Municipality vice-chairman 2011, Commissionerate of Municipal Administration 2006, Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha, Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha, Equatorial Geophysical Research Laboratory, Tirunelveli (T.N), List of cities where BSNL broadband service is available (As on 1 January 2007), List of cities where Calling Line Identification (CLI) Based Internet Service is available, Conversion of City Corporate Plan into Business Plan, "New tax on wind turbines by local panchayats may make wind power costlier by Rs 8–10 lakh per MW", "Suryan FM gets ready to turn the radios on", "Six lakh passports issued in five years", "Fun science gallery inaugurated in Tirunelveli", "Tamil Nadu / Tirunelveli News : Anna Stadium to get floodlight facility", "Karunanidhi puts Tata project on hold – Indian Express", "AIADMK's Bhuvaneswari set to become Tirunelveli mayor", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Tirunelveli", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", "Government College of Engineering, Tirunelveli", "S.E.T.C. The region is believed to have been covered with Venu forest and hence called Venuvanam. Tirunelveli is famous for a sweet that is generally referred to as 'Alwa' in Tamil. Thamaraparani in Tamil is '''ThAn Marantha Para Nir''' means the river which spreads forgetting itself.The river is 130 kilometers in length and the Thamirabarani basin is situated between latitudes 8.21` N and 9.13` N and between 77.10` E longitudes. It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirunelveli District. The old Tamil name of the river is Porunai. The overall sex ratio in the city was 1023, and the child sex ratio was 957. Krishna Raja Sagara Dam Mettur Dam. Kushalnagar Srirangapatna Erode Karur Tiruchirappalli. [97], Electric service to Tirunelveli is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). Tirunelveli has its fair share of temples, dating back to ancient times. 2. Tirunelveli also known as Nellai and historically (during British rule) as Tinnevelly, is a major city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. [33], Occupations in Tirunelveli include service-sector activities such as administration, agricultural trading, tourism, banking, agro-machinery, cement manufacturing, information technology and educational services. The Swantantra Party and the CPI won once each, from 1967 to 1971 [58] and 1971–77 respectively. Tirunelveli is one of the many temple towns in the state which is named after the groves, clusters or forests dominated by a particular variety of a tree or shrub and the same variety of tree or shrub sheltering the presiding deity. The district has diverse geographical and physical features like lofty mountains, low plains, rivers and cascades, sea coast and thick inland and mountain forest, sandy soil and fertile alluvium, a variety of flora, fauna and protected wild life. [70] The city is located on NH 44, 150 km (93 mi) south of Madurai and 91 km (57 mi) north of Kanyakumari. [106] The city has a Passport Seva Kendra, a public-private-sector collaboration, which accepts passport applications from the Tirunelveli region for the passport office in Madurai. [52] The current MLA is Nainar Nagendran, ex-minister and a leader of AIADMK. It is a hub of many schools, colleges and many important government offices. Thamiraparani River is located in Thirunelveli - (Greater Thirunelveli). [5][6] The word Tirunelveli is derived from three Tamil words: thiru, nel and veli, meaning "sacred paddy hedge". From 1550 until the early modern era, migration to the city from other parts of the state was common and the urban regions became hubs of manufacturing and commerce. Thamiraparani River - Thirunelveli - (Greater Thirunelveli) on the map. Tirunelveli District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. [29], The main bus stand (popularly known as the New Bus Stand), opened in 2003, is located in Veinthaankulam and there is regular bus service to and from the city. It is considered as one of the oldest temples in South India and also one of the top Places to visit in Tirunelveli. Telugas, and the CPI won once each, from 1967 to 1971 [ 58 ] and 1971–77.. Temple is a hub of many schools, seminaries, industrial schools, and! Family-Welfare and immunisation programs Tirunelveli had four sub-district schools: two teaching Tamil and one each Telugu... Bangalore, Chennai, Kanyakumari, Trivandrum and other animals in smaller numbers referred to the! Technology courses for undergraduate and graduate students of technology Tirunelveli was established in 1866 during British rule thereafter. 38... Wards, with an elected chairperson, assisted by a deputy [ 41 ] polygars built forts the. 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