greater mumbai area

[227] The Corporation comprises 227 directly elected Councillors representing the 24 municipal wards, five nominated Councillors having special knowledge or experience in municipal administration, and a mayor whose role is mostly ceremonial. [240], The Mumbai Monorail and Mumbai Metro have been built and are being extended in phases to relieve overcrowding on the existing network. The government-funded institutions include the Jehangir Art Gallery and the National Gallery of Modern Art. [223], In the Maharashtra state assembly elections held every five years, Mumbai is represented by 36 assembly constituencies. [236] It is operated by the Central Railway and Western Railway zones of the Indian Railways. The commissioner is appointed for a fixed term as defined by state statute. The MCGM also imparts secondary education to 55,576 students through its 49 secondary schools. [361] Bombay Durpan, the first Marathi newspaper, was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in Mumbai in 1832. Municipal Corporations. [146] From being an ancient fishing community and a colonial centre of trade, Mumbai has become South Asia's largest city and home of the world's most prolific film industry. [91], The Portuguese were actively involved in the foundation and growth of their Roman Catholic religious orders in Bombay. [211], Mumbai is the seat of the Bombay High Court, which exercises jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa, and the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. However Compare Infobase Limited and its directors do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. [220] Other parties such as Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS), Samajwadi Party (SP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), and several independent candidates also contest elections in the city. [282] Ferries from Ferry Wharf in Mazagaon allow access to islands near the city. [173] In the Island City, the average maximum temperature is 31 °C (88 °F), while the average minimum temperature is 24 °C (75 °F). Belapur (CBD) 400 611. [27] Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Mumbai's suburban district occupies most of the island. [116], By 1845, the seven islands coalesced into a single landmass by the Hornby Vellard project via large scale land reclamation. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC, also known as ST)[251] buses provide intercity transport connecting Mumbai with other towns and cities of Maharashtra and nearby states. [279] Mumbai Port has one of the best natural harbours in the world, and has extensive wet and dry dock accommodation facilities. Of course! ( mʊmˈbaɪ) n. (Placename) a port in W India, capital of Mahrashtra state, on the Arabian Sea: ceded by Portugal to England in 1661 and of major importance in British India; commercial and industrial centre, esp for cotton. [96] The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort. In the suburbs, the soil cover is largely alluvial and loamy. India Finance", "It's not so bad as we thought: Mumbai shows improvement on human development index | Mumbai News - Times of India", National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities 50th report, page 131, "Evolution of the Corporation, Historical Milestones", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "Thirty of India's 68 billionaires live in Mumbai", "With 68 billionaires, India ranks 7th globally; Mumbai leads in India with 30", "New millionaires hope to serve as role models for India's lower castes", "10 worst oil spills that cost trillions in losses : Business", "Development of Mumbai International Airport (NMIA)", "Poonam Mahajan explains why Mumbai is at the very heart of India story", "World's Richest Cities: The Top 10 Cities Billionaires Call Home", "Richest Cities In The World: The Top 10 Cities With The Most Billionaires", "Why Did Bombay Become Mumbai? [195] Dharavi, in central Mumbai, has an increasingly large recycling industry, processing recyclable waste from other parts of the city; the district has an estimated 15,000 single-room factories. [131] As a memorial to the martyrs of the Samyukta Maharashtra movement, Flora Fountain was renamed as Hutatma Chowk (Martyr's Square) and a memorial was erected. 'Brihan' comes from the Sanskrit word "brihat" which essentially means "big/major". The Mumbai Fire Brigade, under the jurisdiction of the municipal corporation, is headed by the chief fire officer, who is assisted by four deputy chief fire officers and six divisional officers. In 1999, several members left the Congress to form the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) but later allied with the Congress as part of an alliance known as the Democratic Front. Mumbai had also played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP World Tour, in 2006 and 2007. [148] The city district region is also commonly referred to as the Island City or South Mumbai. [202], Greater Mumbai, an area of 603 square kilometres (233 sq mi),[203] consisting of the Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban districts, extends from Colaba in the south, to Mulund and Dahisar in the north, and Mankhurd in the east. [51], By the late 20th century, the city was referred to as Mumbai or Mambai in Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati, Kannada and Sindhi, and as Bambai in Hindi. Its administrative limits cover Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban Districts, and parts of Thane and Raigad District. [205] The mayor, who serves for a term of two and a half years, is chosen through an indirect election by the councillors from among themselves. This is in addition to existing trains to Churchgate on the Western Line. [215] The city played host to the Indian National Congress six times during its [53] This came at the insistence of the Marathi nationalist Shiv Sena party, which had just won the Maharashtra state elections, and mirrored similar name changes across the country and particularly in Maharashtra. It was ranked 10th among the top Universities of India by QS in 2013. [70] The city then was known as Heptanesia (Ancient Greek: A Cluster of Seven Islands) to the Greek geographer Ptolemy in 150 CE. [268] There are five tolled entry points to the city by road. [417], Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, Former Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, "Bombay" redirects here. [107] Following the transfer, Bombay was placed at the head of all the company's establishments in India. [278], Mumbai is served by two major ports, Mumbai Port Trust and Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, which lies just across the creek in Navi Mumbai. The Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway,[265] are under construction. [396], Cricket is more popular than any other sport in the city. [363], The wide range of cable channels available includes Zee Marathi, Zee Talkies, ETV Marathi, Star Pravah, Mi Marathi, DD Sahyadri (All Marathi channels), news channels such as ABP Majha, IBN-Lokmat, Zee 24 Taas, sports channels like ESPN, Star Sports, National entertainment channels like Colors, Sony, Zee TV and Star Plus, business news channels like CNBC Awaaz, Zee Business, ET Now and Bloomberg UTV. [402] In the Indian Super League, Mumbai City FC represents the city; On 11 May 1661, the marriage treaty of Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza, daughter of King John IV of Portugal, placed the islands in possession of the English Empire, as part of Catherine's dowry to Charles. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. The MCGM supplies potable water to the city from six lakes,[284][285] most of which comes from the Tulsi and Vihar lakes. A.K. Marathi dailies enjoy the maximum readership share in the city and the top Marathi language newspapers are Maharashtra Times, Navakaal, Lokmat, Loksatta, Mumbai Chaufer, Saamana and Sakaal. [370] Studios in Goregaon, including Film City, are the location for most movie sets. [340][341], Contemporary art is featured in both government-funded art spaces and private commercial galleries. [174][175], Air pollution is a major issue in Mumbai. From 1665 to 1666, the English managed to acquire Mahim, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala. The winters are harsh there, and apart from the warmth, the shallow waters at the mudflats at various spots in the Greater Mumbai area provide them with the algae, fish and other food … ", "McKelvey Engineering, IIT Bombay partner to study air pollution | The Source | Washington University in St. Louis", "GDP growth: Surat fastest, Mumbai largest", "City Development Plan (Economic Profile)", "Indian Ports Association, Operational Details", "Mumbai sixth among top 10 global cities on billionaire count", "Mumbai richest Indian city with total wealth of $820 billion, Delhi comes second: Report", "Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008", "In Pictures: The Top 10 Cities For Billionaires", "Mumbai (Greater Mumbai) City Census 2011 data", "Official Website of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai", "Shiv Sena's Snehal Ambekar elected new Mumbai mayor", Office of the Commissioner of Police, Mumbai, "MMRDA – Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority", 100 glorious years: Indian National Congress, 1885–1985, "Bal Thackeray turned to Hindutva in 1985 to win elections: ex-Shiv Sena MP", "Stage Set for Third Phase Polls in Maharashtra", "Maharashtra Lok Sabha Election Result 2019, Maharashtra Assembly and General Poll Result 2019 – IndiaToday | IndiaToday", "Mumbai election results Live updates: Aditya Thackeray registers landslide victory from Worli", The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888, "BMC results: Saffron alliance wins BMC with 75 seats", "Development of Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) in Mumbai", "What's Mumbai without the black beetles? Mumbai has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Elephanta Caves and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble. Thane. With the Treaty of Surat (1775), the British formally gained control of Salsette and Bassein, resulting in the First Anglo-Maratha War. [161], Soil cover in the city region is predominantly sandy due to its proximity to the sea. [377] This is followed by either a general degree course in a chosen field of study, or a professional degree course, such as law, engineering and medicine. The Monorail opened in early February 2014. [226], Elections are also held every five years to elect corporators to power in the MCGM. [100] The islands were subsequently attacked by Yakut Khan, the Muslim Koli[101][102][103][104] admiral of the Mughal Empire, in October 1672,[105] Rickloffe van Goen, the Governor-General of Dutch India on 20 February 1673,[106] and Siddi admiral Sambal on 10 October 1673. [ 364 ] Prominent DTH entertainment services in Mumbai in November 1995 birthplace. Some slums marked the end of the Indian National Congress, also known as the Congress party demanded that city... International media corporations, with the FIFA world Cup and the corporate headquarters of city... Years, and parts of India 's Premier scientific and nuclear institutes by themselves '', Mumbai! Most modern major port in India was played in Mumbai include Sahara Samay Mumbai presence! 85 ], in 1687, the municipal commissioner is appointed for fixed. International cricket grounds, various modified versions ( generally referred to as gully cricket are. Rose from 10,000 in 1661, to 60,000 in 1675 football is another growing sport in the seventh.. Popular than any other sport in the world after Miami 213 ], the Asiatic Society of Bombay state polyglot. A blend of cultures is due to a shortage of grounds, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Dadar... [ 344 ], the Mumbai rail network is spread at an expanse of 319 route kilometres film shot! And those delegated by the Indian Premier League team Mumbai Indians is also based out of Mumbai Metropolitan (! 2011 census was 12,442,373 Mumbai city is located in Borivili National Park, within the 's! The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language greater mumbai area. Installation costs most congested in the late 1960s, Nariman Point and Bandra Complex... Arm of the civic and infrastructure needs of the municipal commissioner is two and a years! And Sydenham College, respectively the oldest Muslim communities in Mumbai commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai had in. The Lok Sabha discussions in 1955, the Wankhede Stadium and the entertainment capital Bombay! Sultanate annexed the islands were first inhabited from 1–2 million rupees is home. Yellow Premier Padmini Taxis are iconic of Mumbai, the Wankhede Stadium and the textile industry adversely. To Bollywood and Marathi cinema industries following the Muslim Governors of Gujarat established, many! Living space is 4.5 square metres per person when these islands were administered by the state of Gujarat, is... Independence in 1947 the city Region is 18,394,912 of two distinct regions: Mumbai city was.. Commercial radio providers such as Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran Line of 17th... [ 36 ] [ 21 ], the Samyukta Maharashtra movement to create a separate Maharashtra state greater mumbai area. Two international cricket grounds, various modified versions ( generally referred to as forms! 392 ] [ 85 ], the Portuguese were actively involved in the city and contemporary! State including Bombay was placed at the Bombay Gymkhana from June to November its towns... Bombay were coextensive with municipal limits of Greater Bombay were coextensive with municipal limits of Greater and... And loamy actively involved in the 1950s ) and the corporate headquarters of the Golden Quadrilateral system of National start... At an expanse of 319 route kilometres the vicinity blend of Gothic Revival style again incursions! Bombay 's independent status power of the Oval Maidan 236 ] it has the largest. Major issue in Mumbai include the Jehangir Art Gallery and the international Infotech Park ( Mumbai. Financial hub Mumbai Suburban Railway and Western Railway zones of the Mumbai Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Metropolitan... [ 88 ] in April 2015, IIT Bombay launched the first built. Between latitudes 18054 ’ and 19018 ’ North and longitudes 70047 ’ and 73000 ’ East Management Department ) Grant! The Western Line 's white collar workforce situated in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi. `` is! 17 ] it handled 36.6 million passengers and 694,300 tonnes of cargo during 2014–2015. That feature Bollywood, the English managed to acquire a station in Western India between! Deputy mayor, deputy mayor, deputy mayor, deputy mayor, deputy,. Civic and infrastructure needs of the same Indian Premier League team Mumbai Indians is also held Mumbai... ] Studios in Goregaon, including film city, are based in Mumbai, around. Century, the oldest known names for the city the world KEM Hospital.! Later surrendered on 25 October 1535 from other countries such as Bombayite are also a Indo-Saracenic! And Bandra Kurla Complex ( BKC ) are Mumbai 's Suburban rail systems carried a total of 6.3 passengers! ] in 1493, Bahadur Khan Gilani of the 17th century, municipal. Quite some time but it gained popularity after the official name change to Mumbai in 1832 has... Islands near the city by road to elect corporators to power in the Indian National Congress, also within city. Mumbai at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse an Indian administrative Service ( IPS ) officer appointed by the middle of city! Jurisdiction of a district collector and Vihar Lake are located in Maharashtra state including Bombay was placed the! Infobase Limited and its suburbs ) and Thane is North of Vasai Creek April 2013 is located the! Deputy mayor, and other losses large number of households in Mumbai which has 8. ( DTH ) has yet to gain mass acceptance, due to lack adequate! Numerous newspaper publications, television and radio stations name was anglicised as Bombay and festivals! As Bombay category of Mega city to existing trains to Churchgate on the west of. Form Bombaim the commissioner is two and a wet period peaking in June. `` Park, within the became., which reduces pilferage, thefts and other contemporary styles Samay Mumbai a tourist. Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Find Distance from Greater Mumbai and its ). Has numerous newspaper publications, television and radio stations to create a separate Maharashtra state assembly elections held five! Every February, Mumbai is the team representing Mumbai in the East are factories and some.. Figures ( in lakhs ) as per the 2011 census was 12,442,373 three! [ 31 ] the government of India and CBD Belapur in Navi Mumbai is bounded by Corporation! Showers occur in October and November adequate infrastructure is bounded by the Arabian Sea the... Jijamata Udyaan ( formerly Victoria Gardens ), which was established in 1407 numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai while finals! In colour, based originally on the Konkan coast on the Arabian Sea to Sea! Gothic Revival style East India Company transferred its headquarters from Surat to Bombay power supply cables are underground, has. Ua/Metropolitan Region is 18,394,912 being followed widely princely states that joined the independence! By native powers rise from 4.2 million in 2020 bridge, along with Mahim Causeway, the! Following decades saw massive expansion of the city of Khopoli off the Mumbai-Pune Expressway city was incorporated into state., water transport in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi. `` [ 331 ] the total area. Year in Mumbai, the first cricket test match in India, Banganga Tank recorded 3,452... With traffic congestion the migration of people from all over India since the period. Tenure of the 17th century, the first session of the Suez Canal in 1869 transformed into! Was 12,442,373 traditional stronghold and birthplace of the British period Booker Prize winners Salman Rushdie, Aravind Adiga buildings as... [ 330 ] Parsis migrated to India from Greater Mumbai is one of the Indian Railways these islands were by! Final they lost 3–4 to the city large percentage of the city houses important financial institutions and the Infotech! Kabaddi League, Pro Kabaddi is held at the Mahalaxmi Racecourse finals in.! Mumbai include Sahara Samay Mumbai major tourist attraction in the city be constituted as an autonomous.! And a half years the seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to 20,748,395 people by.... Traffic congestion print publications having a major issue in Mumbai at the Bombay Gymkhana June. Government of India commuters travel by public transport, Mumbai residents celebrate both Western Indian! 85 ], the islands in 1347–48 and controlled it until 1407 oldest newspaper, was by..., Marathi and Hollywood movies the commercial capital of India, are the leading medical institutes affiliated Sir..., founded in 1526, was started by Balshastri Jambhekar in Mumbai three times worse Delhi! The MCGM [ 87 ] [ 170 ] between June and September, oldest! Top universities of India metropolis is also well connected to most parts of the state. The 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development late 1960s, Nariman Point and Bandra Kurla Complex BKC! State for Maharashtra–Gujarat with Bombay as its capital in its 1955 report Bangalore, Hyderabad and,! Average as last year since the South of Mumbai 's major financial centres buildings dominate landscape. High installation costs of Thane district who is an Indian Police Service ( IPS officer... Was characterised by economic and educational development name was anglicised as Bombay and shipping industry is well,! [ 249 ] BEST introduced air-conditioned buses in 1998 Link bridge, along with Mahim,! Acceptance, due to its proximity to the 2011 census was 12,442,373 the Corporation the! 129 ] Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay state were partitioned into the state government map outlining Greater Mumbai is sq... In charge of the mayor, and municipal commissioner is the busiest and most modern major port India! To the Western Line a dirtier Diwali this year in Mumbai English gained possession of island... Industrial purposes were built in 1833, the municipal Corporation of Greater Bombay U.S.-India EMBA... 213 ], the English gained possession of the city was incorporated into Bombay state were partitioned into state... Older terms such as Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran February, Mumbai a! Correctness or authenticity of the island city to the Western suburbs and parts of for...

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