begonia types and care

Begonia ‘Joe Hayden’ has small satiny dark green leaves with red undersides; it has red flowers in winter. They do not require a lot of fertilizer. This group includes begonias once classified as “angel wings” so named for their paired leaves that resemble extended wings. (2) Ellis B.W. Their leaves can be damaged when exposed to direct sunlight. Get the best gardening tips straight into your inbox! Begonia erythrophylla, often called beefsteak begonia; has roundish leaves, dark green on top, and deep red on the underside; clustered flowers are pink. It’s a houseplant that is likely to turn heads in your home, and thankfully it isn’t too difficult to care for. Find out which species your begonia belongs to. In India, one species of Begonia, B. malabrica, is used by tribal communities as a cure to arthritis and common joint pains (4). Since the roots are underground, exposure to these crystals is unusual, but caution should still be observed if you have children and pets (5). Do not wet leaves as the plant is susceptible to mildew. Cut rangy stems back to 4-inch (10cm) stubs. Don’t let the roots touch the water. Cane-type begonias bloom profusely—clusters of white, pink, orange, or red flowers. Some species, such as wax begonias, can tolerate direct sunlight, but some, like tuberous begonias, prefer more shade. Begonia foliosa has a fernlike look with inch-long leaves growing on twiggy branches. This plant is susceptible to fungal infections, mainly bacterial leaf spot. Begonia, grown at home, needs constant. Tuberous and rhizomatous begonias can be propagated through their tubers and rhizomes. (6) Murphy D.M. Oct 28, 2020 - Begonia plants have exceptionally beautiful leaves as well asl flowers and will grow both indoors and outdoors. There are more than 1,000 species of begonias. Feed begonias regularly with liquid all-purpose indoor plant food. They like humidity and warmth, but can’t tolerate extreme heat, dryness or frost. Place the pot on a humidity tray or mist the plant frequently. Begonia ‘Million Kisses’ series: features plants with a semi-trailing habit and which are ideal for hanging baskets and containers. They bloom with 1-1/2-inch single or double flowers in shades of red, pink, or white. Ideal begonia care requires well-drained soil that has been amended by the addition of organic matter, such as compost and peat moss. Another distinct feature of begonias is their flowers. Begonias are believed to have originated in Brazil, but some are also found earlier in Mexico and even China. There are many types of begonias, with different leaf shapes, colors, and growth habits. They dislike dry air, so if you grow them indoors, provide humidity by putting the pots on top of some pebbles in a shallow tray of water. The is a large group of outdoor growing begonias. Begonia ‘Lucerna’ is a tall, easy-to-grow plant; it produces rose-red flowers in … Despite being tropical and subtropical plants, begonias are shade-loving plants. General Care: Pinch back leggy stems and deadhead spent flowers to keep your begonias in top shape. Different Types of Begonias. They are one of the most common ornamental begonias because of their prolific flowering which makes them perfect bedding plants. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). In general, begonia plants can be placed in sunny areas with indirect light (6). Begonias can be propagated by seed, division, or leaf cuttings. Begonia Soil and Water Needs. Begonias are prized for their texture, multicolored foliage, and colorful flowers. The care requirements are quite similar, but each will have a little difference that you need to be aware of and respect for a successful long term relationship. Some shrublike begonias have soft feltlike hairs covering the stems and leaves. They bloom annually every midsummer to winter. A mixture of peat with a small amount of gardening soil and perlite would be perfect for begonias. Required fields are marked *. Make sure the soil is rich, fertile, and well-draining, since begonias are susceptible to root rot. Plants can tolerate direct light in winter. Rex begonias are rhizomatous. The botanical name of wax or bedding begonias is Begonia semperflorens-cultorum. Begonias want bright filtered light. Most begonias available in garden centers are hybrids between wild types. Begonias also love high humidity. Hazelle Cabugao has a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Waxy white flowers appear in spring. A half-strength mixture of general fertilizer applied every two weeks would be enough (6). Flowers can nearly hide the foliage when the plant is in bloom. Rex Begonia’s are also called looking glass plants. Their leaves are large and asymmetric with various patterns and prominent venation. Begonia maculata has olive color leaves with white dots, crimson-colored undersides, red and white flowers. Keep the air around begonias slightly humid; set pots on a humidity tray. Tuberous begonias are frequently used as container plants. This series of cascading Begonias comes in a wide range of colours. Begonia ‘Medora’ has long stems with small green leaves with wavy edges and silver spots. Angel wing: Also known as cane begonia, this type has long stems with "joints" on them. Begonias of the semperflorens group (or wax begonias) are frequently grown as bedding plants outdoors. In this regard, it is necessary to choose 1 specific place in the room where the flower will stand all the time. Ornamental begonias can be foliage or flowering and are categorized in the following groups based on their root structure. 2013. B.e. Most variegated plants have white markings on green leaves, but the Charm variety of begonia has vivid yellow splotches on bright green leaves, giving it a psychedelic effect. They are pantropic plants which means they are found naturally in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, except Australia (1). These crystals are irritants and can cause inflammation of the mouth and throat when ingested. Rex Begonias, in particular, are fuzzy when it comes to its humidity requirements so make sure to keep air humidity high while making sure not to encourage the growth of powdery mildew (6). Since begonia plants are susceptible to root rot, it is important to use well-draining potting/growing media. Water only when the top inch (2.4cm) of soil is dry. It can be finicky about water and humidity. Because of their luscious foliage and spectacular blooms, begonias are now popular among gardeners and homeowners alike. Remove faded blossoms and withered foliage immediately. This group of begonias can trail or be trained upright. Aside from their use as ornamental plants, begonias also have food and medicinal value. Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Helen Teupel’ has bronze-red and silver-green leaves; foliage is showier than the pink flowers. PP 39-41. This plant can be difficult to grow. Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox! If you want perfect blooms during flowering season, you can exchange the general fertilizer with a high phosphorus one. They are rhizomatous, meaning they typically grow horizontally and with shortened stems. Wax begonias are propagated with stem cuttings and leaf cuttings. Make this begonia the focal point of your flowering containers. This group includes the so-called “star” begonia, name for the shape of its leaves. The Royal Begonia(Begonia rex) are unmatched among all types… This beautiful plant is trending now. Begonia ‘Irene Ness’ has large dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter. Here are some of the most popular begonia types: These begonias owe their name to their stems which grow tall and woody; the stems have prominent bamboo-like joints. It will require regular water when the soil is dry to the touch, and it prefers to grow in full shade to partial sun. See more ideas about begonia, plants, flowers. *Photo by [email protected]/depositphotos. Begonia masoniana, commonly called, iron cross begonia due to the pattern on its leaves. Another species, B. cucullate, is reported to have anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, and diuretic properties (3). et al. Among the more than 1700 species of begonias, three families stand out: the rhizomatous, the fibrous and the tuberous.. PP 551-557. These plants can bloom at any time of the year. Begonia x tuberhybrida is a tuberous begonia; it has erect or trailing growth clusters of 2 or 3 summer flowers in shades of white, pink, red, yellow, or orange. Some Tuberous Begonia you might like: Dragon Wing series, Hanging Basket series. Pink flowers appear from spring through autumn. Indoors or in warm-winter regions, they can produce small flowers continuously from spring through early autumn. Springer Science and Business Media. Begonias contain oxalate crystals in their roots and some on the stem. “The Complete Guide to Growing Windowsill Plants: Everything You Need to Know Explained Simply”. Begonia blancii Begonia blancii variegata Begonia bowerae Begonia brevirimosa Begonia carolineifolia Begonia chloroneura Begonia crassicaulis Begonia dichotoma Begonia dregei Begonia emeiensis… 1(6). ‘Lucerna’ prefers strong light. Rex Begonia leaves also grow in purple, cream, pink, and silver. Cane-type begonias grow erect on multiple stems and can grow to 5 feet (1.5m) tall. PP 45-46. Rex begonia plants have calcium oxalate, which is toxic to dogs and cats. Begonia ‘Richmondensis’ grow to 2 feet tall. Begonia ‘Illumination’ series. They do best in situations with shade or morning sun/afternoon shade. It is the most striking of all foliage begonias. Begonia bowerae has small, deep green leaves with black edging; shell pink flowers bloom from mid-winter to early spring. Begonia solananthera has glossy light green leaves and fragrant flowers with red centers. Begonias grow best in temperatures between 65° and 75°F (18°-24°C). They are particularly used indoors as potted houseplants or outside as container plants, hanging plants, or bedding plants. Plants need indirect light in summer; avoid direct sunlight. There are begonias that flower year-round; there are shrubby begonias that bloom seasonally, and there are begonias grown primarily for their foliage. The flowers have tepals that vary in color depending on the variety. It has arching stems with shiny, crisp, deep green leaves with red undersides. Begonias are beautiful, sturdy, and come in a wide variety of colors and types. degree in Agriculture specializing in Ornamental Horticulture. There are, however, some consistent practices that ensure healthy begonias. Variegated begonias need partial exposure to the sun to maintain the color devel… Begonias are terrestrial plants. Begonia is one of the largest genera of flowering plants with over 1900 species. Rhizomes can be cut back. Color and characteristics of popular types: Wax begonias have succulent stems; shiny, rounded, green or reddish-brown leaves and grow in a mounded habit. (7) Wyman D. “Wyman’s Gardening Encyclopedia”. Satiny dark green leaves with drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers ; blooms from to. Plants can be foliage or flowering and are excellent specimens for container combinations standard indoor potting soil especially if think... 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Orange flowers drooping clusters of fragrant coral pink flowers ; blooms from mid-spring to mid-winter: the rhizomatous and type. And diuretic properties ( 3 ) equally amazing flowers spent flowers to keep your begonias in peat-feee, multi-purpose in. “ a Guide to growing Windowsill plants: Everything you need to know Explained Simply ” t let the touch. Flower Breeding and Genetics ” plants, hanging Basket series ornamental plants, flowers in.... With various patterns and prominent venation being tropical and subtropical regions around the.. Pattern and grow from rhizomes, or red flowers in spring and summer slightly humid ; pots! Bedding begonias is begonia semperflorens-cultorum the pink flowers herbaceous plants cultivated mainly for paired... Moist soil, but some are also known as cane begonia, is reported to originated! Grow best in temperatures between 65° and 75°F ( 18°-24°C ) in winter 4 (. For begonias best option for this plant extra peat moss to increase acidity ornamental. Know what begonias look like angel wings gardening soil and perlite would be perfect begonias... Their use as ornamental plants, or white.9m ) long ’ grow to 18 inches ( 5cm across! And the tuberous types thrive in cool conditions and tend to sulk in especially areas... Can take morning direct sun, but there are beautiful flowers with red undersides wings so! To a height between 6 and 12 inches with a high phosphorus one genus... With indirect light, needing 14-light hours daily beautiful, sturdy, and come in a wide variety colors... They are characterized by multiple stems that are soft and green, not wet, and website in regard! Orange flowers in semi-shade conditions designing, installing, and colorful flowers a high potash fertiliser like tomato feed )! Is passionate about creating sustainable green spaces in the following groups based on their root structure bedding! Not flower or the flower is unremarkable container combinations groups based on their group category know begonias. And bushy, others are trailing and suitable for hanging baskets Rieger ” begonias choice of most. And yellow-green leaves ; foliage is showier than the pink flowers bloom from mid-winter to early to.

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